Lord of the Flies

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Trace the influence of Jack throughout the novel and note his relationship with Ralph. What does Jack represent?

Throughout the novel, Jack is the manipulative protagonist of the story and fundamentally represents a person’s natural instinct of savagery, violence and desire for power. Jack’s many influences in the story are always for his own benefits. At the beginning, Ralph is elected, and sparks Jack’s quest for power. Jack becomes a leader of only the choirboys and hunts with them. His relationship as a leader works well with Ralph in the beginning. However, Jack’s influence on the boys sets the relationship between him and Ralph because of their contrasting beliefs. Later on, he manipulates the boys in a series of events. Through the savagery, desire for power and manipulative figure Jack represents, he influences and destroys the civilized society Ralph has attempted to create. Jack and his hunters become savages and are obsessed with killing the pig on the island, by devote all their time to hunting. Jack’s state of mind is changing as more time is spent on the island, and influences the others in the group. He paints a mask on his face symbolizing the transformation from human to a, “stranger.” In doing so, he also influences the others in his group to change their psychological state of mind by masking their faces. When he looks at his reflection, he sees a completely different person who has changed from being civilized to uncivilized. Jack has started to become a savage when, “His laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling,” like a murderous animal. When the pig is killed, Jacks, “mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it,” finally transforming Jack and his hunters into a savages. The relationship between Jack and Ralph is strained because Jack has influenced his group to become bloodthirsty...
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