Long term factors of the Nazi’s rise to power:
Political problems of the Weimar Republic - Weak constitution: -Through article 48, the president of the Weimar republic had the right to suspend the parliament in times of emergency. Hitler later used this fundamental weakness of the constitution to establish a right-wing dictatorship in conjunction with the Reichstag fire.
-Proportional representation system led to weak coalition governments, which damaged the credibility of the Weimar republic. The coalition consisted of a range of parties and they had a hard time agreeing on anything. As a result, there were six coalition governments between 1924-29. Economic weakness of the Weimar Republic:
The first economic crisis of the Weimar republic occurred in the beginning of the 1920s. Germany had been exhausted by WW1 and the Treaty of Versailles deprived Germany of many of her vital natural resources. For example, Germany lost 75% of its iron ore resources, when Belgian and French troops occupied the Rhineland, which was Germany's industrial centre. Germany was also forced to pay war reparations to the allies after WW1. In response to the growing economic pressure on Germany, the Weimar government started to print more money. As a result, there was hyperinflation and the money system broke down. However, the economic situation improved slightly, when the Rentenmark was introduced and when Germany got loans from the US called the Dawes plan. But the German economy remained weak and dependent on foreign loans, which contributed to the widespread resentment of the republic. In 1923, industry had only reached 47% of pre-war production levels. The weak economy also made voters support more radical political parties such as the Nazis.
Stab in the back theory:
the right wing and nationalist germans believed that Germany was defeated in WW1 because of the socialists, catholics and jews had stabbed Germany in the back by their revolution in 1918. They believed that...
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