Single Child and Child having siblings
Department Of Applied Psychology
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
Miss Ambreen Anjum
Researchers Group 2
Name Roll No Name Roll No Aniqa Sleem10M. Zubair12
Komal Aithaf15M. Hassan18
It is certified that group no. 2 third semester BS Psychology session 2010-2014 has completed all the requirements of research work on “Level of loneliness between single child and siblings” under my supervision.
Islamia University Bahawalpur
Sr.No| Contents| Page No.|
1| Abstract| 5|
2| Introduction| 6|
3| Method| 7|
4| Results| 9|
5| Discussion| 13|
6| References| 14|
7| Appendix| 15|
This research is conducted on the topic level of loneliness between single child and siblings. The population of our research paper is Bahawalpur City and our sample is IUB students. We used purposive sampling to select the participants from the population. A total of 90 students (38 single child and 52 siblings) aged over eighteen to twenty five years were selected. The UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3 designed by Russell, Kao, et al., (1987) was used in this study. We used pretested Urdu translated version of this questionnaire. This questionnaire contained 20 questions regarding loneliness. The mean loneliness score for single children was 47.8±10.2 and while for siblings this score was 47.8±8.4. Student T test was applied, for significance; there was significant difference between two groups with p value of 0.49.
Loneliness occurs when a person network of social relationship is smaller or less satisfying than the person desire. Thus loneliness reflects a discrepancy between the person desire and achieved level of social interaction (Russell, Kao, et al., 1987). Lonely people have poor social skills and lack specific skill required for interacting with others and developing friendships (Jones, Hobbs, & Hockenbury, 1982). Lonely people simply may not know how to initiate an interaction with someone or how to keep a conversation lively. This line of reasoning simply suggests that training these people to develop social skills might provide a simple solution (kitson and morgan 1990).
Loneliness is considered to be an expression of negative feelings of missing relationships and occurs in individuals of all ages. The opposite of loneliness is embeddedness. Loneliness is one of the possible outcomes of the evaluation of a situation in which an individual has a small number of relationships (pinquart 2003). However, many determinants work together in explaining why some people with small numbers of social contacts consider themselves lonely whereas others feel good and sufficiently embedded. Among these determinants is the presence or absence of an intimate partner (dannenbeck 1995); the size and functioning of family relationships, particularly parent-child bonds (kaufman and uhlenberg 1998)
The purpose of present study was to find out difference of loneliness between only child and child having siblings.
A total of 90 students (24 boys, 66 girls) aged over eighteen to twenty five years were selected from six different departments of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Purposive sampling technique was employed for selecting participants. Out of these 38 were “only child” and 52 child were having siblings. Materials
The UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3 designed by Russell, Kao, et al., (1987) was used in this study. We used its pretested Urdu translated version....