Lokpal

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Jan Lokpal Bill
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Not to be confused with The Lokpal Bill, 2011, an anti-corruption bill pending before the parliament of India. | This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. You can assist by editing it. (January 2012) | The Jan Lokpal Bill, also referred to the Citizen's Ombudsman Bill, is an anti-corruption bill drafted and drawn up by civil society activists in India seeking the appointment of a Jan Lokpal, an independent body to investigate corruption cases.[1] This bill also proposes improvements to the Lokpal and Lokayukta Bill 2011,[2] which was supposed to be passed by Lok Sabha in December 2011.[3] The Jan Lokpal Bill aims to effectively deter corruption, compensate citizen grievances, and protect whistle-blowers. The prefix Jan (translation: citizens) signifies that these improvements includes inputs provided by "ordinary citizens" through an activist-driven, non-governmental public consultation.[4] Contents * 1 Background * 1.1 Lokpal Bill * 1.1.1 Timeline and cost * 1.2 Current anti-corruption laws and organizations * 1.2.1 Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) * 1.2.2 Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) * 1.3 Inspiration * 2 Key features of proposed bill * 3 Difference between government's and activists' drafts * 3.1 Highlights * 3.2 Details * 4 Governments approach about Whistleblower protection & Citizen-charter * 5 Campaign for the Jan Lokpal Bill * 5.1 Fast & agitation – Phase 1 * 5.2 Drafting committee * 5.3 Fast & agitation – Phase 2 * 5.4 Notable supporters and opposition * 5.5 Logjam of Lokpal and Lokayukta Bill 2011 * 6 Criticisms of the Jan Lokpal Bill * 6.1 Naïve approach * 6.2 Extra-constitutional * 6.3 Scope * 6.4 Criticism from Aruna Roy, Arundhati Roy and NCPRI * 6.5 Criticism from the Director of CBI * 7 Support for the bill * 7.1 Surveys * 7.2 Legislator support * 7.3 Social media * 7.4 Online surveys * 8 Parliamentary actions on the proposed legislation * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links| Background

| This section has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality. Discussion of this nomination can be found on the talk page. (February 2012) | The word Lokpal was coined in 1963 by L.M. Singhvi, a Member of Parliament during a debate in Parliament about grievance redressal mechanisms. His son Dr. Abhishek Singhvi was head of the Parliament standing committee reviewing the bill[5] but later resigned from the post after a sex-tape controversy.[6] In order to draw the attention of the government, a focused campaigning was started in the form of the India Against Corruption (IAC) movement. Anna Hazare is heading core members of civil society and IAC movement. Being a foreground for Jan Lokpal campaign. Through these collaborative efforts till August 2011, IAC was able to upload the 23rd version of Jan Lokpal Bill draft.[7] Lokpal Bill

The Lokpal Bill was first introduced by Shanti Bhushan in 1968[8] and passed the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969. But before it could be passed by Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and the bill lapsed.[9] Subsequent versions were re-introduced in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005 and in 2008,[10] but none of them were passed. In 2011, during the Parliament's Winter Session, the Lok Sabha passed the controversial Lokpal Bill, but it was subsequently turned down in the Rajya Sabha.[11] Timeline and cost

The Lokpal Bill has been introduced in the Parliament a total of eight times since 1968. * 1968 – 3 lakh[12] (300,000)
* 1971 – 20 lakh (2 million)
* 1977 – 25 lakh (2.5 million)
* 1985 – 25 lakh
* 1989 – 35 lakh (3.5 million) – PM under lokpal
* 1996 – 1 crore (10 million) – PM under lokpal
* 2001 – 35 crore (350 million) – PM under lokpal...
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