Logistics in Aviation Industry

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Abstract/Introduction :

Logistics is the one important function in business today. No marketing, manufacturing or project execution can succeed without logistics support. 'Logistics' is the management of the flow of resources, not only goods, between the point of origin and the point of destination in order to meet the requirements of customers or corporations. Logistics is one of the main functions within a company. The main targets of logistics can be divided into performance related and cost related. They are high due date reliability, short delivery times, low inventory level and high capacity utilization. But when decisions need to be made, there is always a trade off between these targets.Air transportation provides critical capabilities for a modern economy. Whether it involves passengers or cargo, the ability to quickly and reliably move valuable resources over great distances improves the quality of life and standard of living of people across the globe. While you may be more familiar with the term “aviation” than “logistics,” you observe logistics in action any time you travel or purchase a product. Now days the whole picture of logistics in aviation industry is changed as it facing so many challenges due to huge volumes of cargo and passengers. This proposal will enlighten those challenges and their solution which airlines and airports are using to overcome.

Background to the Study
An aviation industry is the world’s fastest growing mode of transportation of people, cargo & mail from country to country. The beginning of the aviation industry started with the launch of first “La France”, the first fully controlled airship in 1885. On 17 December 1903, Wright brothers were the first who made flight of approximately 12 seconds on first engine powered aircraft. After this, the formation of American Airline in 1928 & United Airlines in 1931 booms the Aviation industry. Early aviation promoters were always looking for practical uses for the airplane. One idea was to use them as carriers of freight. The first practical demonstration of air freight occurred in November 1910 when a department store shipped a bolt of silk by air from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio. Reported in the local Columbus newspaper, the story noted that the shipment had beaten the railroad express between the two cities. In 1919, American Railway Express used a converted Handley-Page bomber in an attempt to fly 1,100 pounds (500 kilograms) of freight from Washington, D.C., to Chicago. A frozen radiator forced the plane to land in Ohio but the company continued its efforts to move freight by air. Airlines across the countries flew freight in the late 1920s, benefiting businesses when they needed parts or merchandise as quickly as possible. The advent of air freight also allowed businesses to keep less inventory on hand.

The Significance of the Study
Aviation Logistics plays a very important role in the Economic development of the Airlines , Airports and the Country Itself. Now a days , Handling & moving the huge volumes of Cargo through Air raised challenges both for Airline and airports. Hence this study is significant as it will identify these challenges and how airlines and airports play their role in Overcoming these challenges. Proposed Methodology

General Outline
The research effort in this study will employ both quantitative and qualitative methods to obtain the required data for analysis, interpretation and inference. The methods used in this study are the Search of internet resources which includes History of Air Cargo Companies, The Challenges they faced with raise of the Air cargo and the how these companies are overcoming these challenges.

Primary Data
Primary data will be obtained through the meetings with the Airline and Airport Cargo Departments to evaluate the current transaction of the Air Cargo and the current Challenges. Also some Air Freight companies are contacted for the explanations regarding the...
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