Logistics and operations management
Arguably, logistics in the recent year has tremendously changed, with the adoption and growth of transport management systems, GPS, Warehouse management systems, GIS, as well as supply chain management. As a matter of fact, operations are the pillar of any organization, whether non-profit industries, marketing or manufacturing services. Logistics and operation management is a field that entails multidisciplinary activities, which comprises disciplines like logistics, product development, human resource management, quality management, as well as information systems. In most cases, operations in an organization go beyond design engineering, to developing quality feedback chain that is useful in delivery performance, and prediction of production. In the 21st century, where technology is the backbone of the entire organization, architectures designing information and management of supply chain in the e-business are part of the team making up operations management. The employment of ICT systems such as GIS, GPS, Transport Management Systems, and Warehousing Management Systems has influenced the supply chain and operation management. The aspects of logistics and operation management that has been influences by these changes include transportation, warehousing, as well as packaging (Blecker, Kersten, Kersten, & Flämig 2008). Conversably, the ultimate objective of logistics management in an organization is to move products and services from the supplier to the marketplace where the consumer is available; the path used to reach the consumer is known as the supply chain. In the supply chain process goods must be on the move so as to satisfy the consumer, this is achieved by delivering goods at the right time, in the right place. Logistics and operation management team endure that all aspects and components of logistic management are attained. As an organization, in order to attain organizational objectives and enjoy absolute advantage in the market, it is crucial to adhere to the logistics and operation management mission. This mission is to always produce services or goods that are of the right quantity and quality, and ensure that its distribution is made at the precise place and time. Logistics and operation management in a business environment entails implementation, management of systems, and design, which focuses on efficient deployment of raw materials, point consumption, physical facilities, in-process inventory, personnel deployment, as well as finished goods information. Therefore, logistics and operation management requires the three components that are transport, warehousing, and packaging. This is so because it covers entire supply chain from raw material acquisition, production process, to consumption. Perhaps, the employment of ICT systems in this process has made it easy to communicate and coordinate efficiently by using communication, transport, and warehousing systems (Blecker, Kersten, Kersten, & Flämig 2008). Technology has improved the entire process of logistics and operation management. Fundamentally, supply chain depends with three main components that are warehousing, packaging and transport. In logistics and operation management warehousing and transportation is the main contributor in a successful supply chain in the world. In fact, the essentiality of warehousing comes when it is strategically placed in a consign that is pertinent to the cargo transport systems. This does not only ease the transportation but also reduces the cost incurred by the organization. Advancement in transport, packaging and warehouse systems has made it easy to satisfy the consumer. In fact, the issues of inaccessible consumers have been eliminated by advancement of technology (Croucher, Rushton, & Baker 2010). Packaging is also of considerable importance in logistics and operation management. The consumer is always rational in making decisions, whereby he/she bases its decision...
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