Logic Study Guide

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  • Topic: Post hoc ergo propter hoc, Critical thinking, Hasty generalization
  • Pages : 11 (1307 words )
  • Download(s) : 92
  • Published : May 15, 2013
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PHI210169TX080-1134-001 Critical Thinking
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Week 6
Take Test: Quiz 2

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PHI210169TX080-1134-001 (Critical Thinking)
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Take Test: Quiz 2
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Instructions
This quiz consist of 20 multiple choice questions and covers the material in the second half of Chapter 9. Be sure you are in Chapter 9 when you take the quiz. Timed Test This Test has the time limit of 2 hour. You are notified when time expires, and you may continue or submit. Warnings appear when half the time, 5 minutes, 1 minute, and 30 seconds remain. Multiple Attempts Not allowed. This Test can only be taken once. Force Completion Once started, this Test must be completed in one sitting. Remaining Time:

1 hour, 40 minutes, 55 seconds.

Question 1

The Book of Mormon is true because it was written by Joseph Smith. Joseph Smith wrote the truth because he was divinely inspired. We know that Joseph Smith was divinely inspired because the Book of Mormon says that he was, and the Book of Mormon is true. Answer

False analogy

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Circular reasoning

Ignorance

5 points
Question 2

Only short poems can be good, not long ones. Of course, many so-called poems, such as Paradise Lost, take up a large number of pages. But if they are any good, they must really be collections of short poems, because a long poem as such cannot be of any great value. Answer

Circular reasoning

Either/Or fallacy

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Bandwagon

5 points
Question 3

Pope John Paul II has stated that artificial insemination of women is immoral. We can only conclude that this practice is indeed immoral. Answer

Circular reasoning

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Authority

Slippery slope

5 points
Question 4

California condors are rapidly disappearing. This bird is a California condor. Therefore, this bird should disappear any minute now. Answer

Division

Hasty generalization

False Analogy

Composition

5 points
Question 5

Raising a child is like growing a tree. Sometimes violent things, such as cutting off branches, have to be done to force the tree to grow straight. Similarly, corporal punishment must sometimes be inflicted on children to force them to develop properly. Answer

False analogy

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Circular reasoning

Ignorance

5 points
Question 6

The best students make the best grades. Therefore, requiring instructors to give high grades will undoubtedly produce better students. Answer

Hasty generalization

Post hoc ergo propter hoc

Extravagant hypothesis

Ignorance

5 points
Question 7

All persons act in order that they might get pleasure.Even so-called altruistic persons who help others so much that they do almost nothing for themselves get pleasure out of giving.Otherwise, they wouldn't do it. Suppose a person hits himself over the head with a hammer.He must get pleasure from it, because why else would he do it if he didn't get pleasure from it? Answer

Circular reasoning

Composition

Either/Or Fallacy

Post hoc...
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