Lockean and Puritan Philosophy

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LOCKEAN AND PURITAN PHILOSOPHY Locke states the existence of a "Natural Law" that transcends any man-made law. Simply put all citizens have a right to "life, liberty and property." Furthermore Locke states that a legitimate government can only obtain its legitimacy from the consent of those whom it governs. Consent is necessary because for any government to exist individuals must voluntarily surrender some of the freedom they would possess if they existed in "a state of nature." Also it explains the dominance of the male gender against the female gender but this theme is brought out through feminists. John Locke shows the dominance of men over women through his letters where he wrote that people are born free and equal but that males were fine to rule in the state as well as they are considered as heads of their families. He said nothing to suggest that he wanted women to share in political power. FILMER an author and historian pointed out that genuine democratic principles (which Locke rejected) involved empowering women and he added children to. Nowadays some people argue that giving women political rights is of limited significance as long as patriarchalist ideas continue to dominate in the family as well as in the society at large. They claim that it is almost impossible to draw any neat and non flexible distinctions between spheres of the private and political. This makes certainly an exaggeration to those people who regard Filmer as a hero of their movement as they claim much of Locke’s critique of Filmer is ineffective. In their opinion, Liberalism of the sort that Locke wanted (which has been extremely influential)is hypocritical and conflicting; claims people are by nature free and equal and that inequalities result from agreements into which we freely enter, but it also tactically assume that some people are naturally more equal than others example that Men are superior to Women. On marriage the puritans were on the idea of different or opposite sex marriage this is the union between men and women which is supported in the church and also by the natural law. To Lockean theory which subsequently influenced in the making of the American laws typically presuppose a government that remains neutral among competing moral claims. By contrast it develops an account of rights against sexual discrimination including recognition of same sex marriages that does not depend on a thin moral conception of the liberal state. Instead situate lesbian/gay rights within a lockean political theory of consent. The lockean theory also affects women as it belittles them making the not able to vie some political or corporate positions this is a violation of their rights but nothing can be done arguably due to the non appearance of the rights in the bill of rights and the declaration of independence which was mainly influenced by the lockean writings. The theory also brings itself out in the issue of same sex marriages that is homosexuality and lesbianism. The Puritan theory is against same sex marriage because also in all Holy Scriptures the word is against same sex marriage as the creator that is God to Christians and Allah to Muslims made women for men and not men for men or women for men or people to change their sexes. This is included in Natural law as every man was made perfectly to fit in a woman. Religion claims marriage is a union instituted by God and it is seen in the scriptures. Same sex marriage is legalized in most American states as marriage is put in a very vague manner in many laws. Those supporting same sex marriages have challenged the prohibition of such marriages claiming it is a discrimination against their rights as stipulated in the first amendment. The lack of recognition by the state is discriminatory and it causes the problems as they have to express themselves under cover by mostly marrying to hide their true sexuality making a busy and...
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