Locke and Hobbes

Topics: Political philosophy, Social contract, Thomas Hobbes Pages: 3 (867 words) Published: May 1, 2013
Locke and Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two famous philosophers who existed during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The two men had divergent views pertaining to the nature of man and the ideal forms of government. While both men's ideas were proven true, they did reflect on their personal experiences basing on the period of times in which they existed. Their beliefs impacted on the world around them, and they have continued to shape governances throughout history. Though both men's ideas still hold some truth in today's world, Locke's ideas are the most clearly supported. Locke's belief was that each man is born with equality, freedom and independence. According to his views, men can form social contracts, which are able to draw a nation together. In his Second Treatise on Government, Locke states that "no one can be put out of this estate and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent, which is done by agreeing with other men, to join and unite a community for their comfortable, safe, and peaceable living... " by this he ideally implies that every individual deserves a right of freedom but for one to receive a government's security and protection, they ought to sacrifice some of their freedom. Locke applies the idea of democracy whereby every individual takes part in creating the leadership of a nation. He further conceived that, if a political authority improperly uses its powers, like the absolute monarchy, then they should be overthrown (Source G). This is what is seen to be actually happening today. Locke's idea of governance is best demonstrated by the American republic where different types of people coexist peacefully. On the other hand, Hobbes conceived that men were born with no rights. He also did not believe in the idea of democracy but instead supported the thought of absolute monarchy. He affirmed that "men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that conditions called war; and...
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