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Employment Security: Conceptual and Statistical Issues

By Sukti Dasgupta*

International Labour Office, Geneva April 2001

* Sukti Dasgupta is a Research Economist in the InFocus Programme on Socio-Economic Security, at the ILO. For more information on the InFocus Programme on Socio-Economic Security, please see the related web page http://www.ilo.org/ses or contact the Secretariat at Tel: +41.22.799.8893, Fax: +41.22.799.7123 or E-mail: ses@ilo.org

Copyright © International Labour Organization 2001

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ISBN 92-2-112450-9

First published 2001

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Printed by the International Labour Office. Geneva, Switzerland

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Abstract
As labour markets become more flexible, employment security is negatively affected. Protected formal employment has fallen, and various kinds of non-standard employment have emerged. This paper explores some conceptual and related empirical issues surrounding employment security in the light of recent developments in the labour market. It takes into account subjective and objective elements of employment security, and differentiates between contractual, behavioural and governance indicators at the national, enterprise and individual levels. I am grateful to Maria Jeria Caceres, Jose Figueiredo, Eivind Hoffmann, Sriram Natrajan and Guy Standing for their comments on an earlier draft and to Walter Onubagu for help in preparing Table 1.

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Contents Abstract ................................................................................................................................ iii 1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction..................................................................................................................1 Defining employment security .......................................................................................2 Why employment security is important...
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