Local Governments in India

Topics: Local government, Government, Government of India Pages: 4 (1480 words) Published: May 29, 2013
Naga Sravan Kilaru

Political importance and the structure of Local Government. -“Democracy is an impossible thing until the power is shared by all”

India, which had survived many onslaughts of foreign aggression or in other terms, colonial rule, was culturally and socially rich and diverse since times immemorial. It was a herculean task to administer such a very diverse composition that had very limited exposure to different other cultures or practises. Power hungry dynasties, provincial rulers, governors had to, then, employ a less confusing, more credible and sophisticatedly balanced system of governance. Even otherwise, villages in India had their own set up of governance which dated back to centuries. Though most of them were semi-democratic, there was a rich, enduring, logically fabricated system of local governance, when majority of the jurisdiction did not extend beyond few miles meaning there were numerous small provinces. There were many controllers at different levels with a non-uniform method of administration.

The Indian National Congress while it was spearheading India’s struggle for independence always emphasized the issue of decentralization. Two warring legends i.e. Gandhi and Ambedkar had very divergent views of rural local self-government. Gandhi believed that rural local self-government can decentralize all the tasks of governance whereas Ambedkar was very apprehensive about it as villages in those days stood for regression and oppression of the backward classes. This led to no consensus while constitution was being designed. The drafting committee of the constitution subsequently was headed by Ambedkar who has placed it as a non-justiciable part of the constitution directive principles. It took another 40 years before India has put efforts towards amending the constitution.

Post-independence, there were efforts by the union government and also by a few states to promote local governance but they weren’t very...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on Adr: Village Panchayat in India
  • Rural Informatics and the Impact of Government Schemes on Rural India Essay
  • gram sabha in india Essay
  • Essay about Role and Relevance of Gram Sabha Goa India
  • The Impact of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Mnrega) in Rural India? Essay
  • Khap Panchayats in India Essay
  • Challenges for Urban Local Governments in India Essay
  • Essay on Local Government

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free