Local Government

Topics: Government, Local government, Welfare economics Pages: 6 (1822 words) Published: September 14, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………p.g.2

2. What is local government?…………………………………………………………….p.2

3. Hierarchy Roles of local government…………………………………………………p.2-3

4. Functions of local government………………………………………………………..p.g.3 (4.1) Line functions………………………………………………………………………p.3 (4.2) Supporting functions……………………………………………………………….p.3 5. Values and principles for local government…………………………………………..p.4

6. Challenges that affect local government………………………………………………p.5

7. Strategies to overcome these challenge………………………………………………..p.5

8. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………p.5-6

9. Referencing list……………………………………………………………………..p.7

1. INTRODUCTION
Are local governments governing efficiently and effectively by satisfy the basic needs and provide service to citizens? From what is currently happening, it does not look as if this is the case. Local Government exists for two reasons, namely service-rendering and democracy to citizens, however each and every day citizens are on strike claiming that service is not delivered to them by local government. In this essay, the argument is that weather local governments does satisfy or not the needs of the citizens. This essay will critical explain the place of local government in the government hierarchy. The argument will be supported by firstly, a definition of what is local government. Secondly, the roles of local government within a democratic system of government will be discussed. Thirdly, the functions of the local government within the democratic system will be explained. Fourthly, values and principles for local government will be discussed. Fifthly, the challenges that affect local government will be explained. Lastly the solutions to overcome these challenge will be discussed. 2. WHAT IS LOCAL GOVERNMENT?

Local government is an administrative body for a small environmental area, such as a city, town, county, or state. A local government will usually only have control over their specific area, and cannot pass or enforce laws that will affect a wider area. Local governments can elect officials, ratify taxes, and do many other things that a national government would do, just on a smaller scale. Local government act as an communication between government and citizens, it is whereby citizen can lay any grievance they have with government. “Local government should not serve as job providers of service aimed at satisfying the basic need of their communities, (Gildennhuys, 1997, p.5). That illustrates that local government is not all about creating jobs for citizens it is mainly for satisfying their basic needs, it plays a role of helping out citizens whenever they can to satisfy their basic needs, although that the local government cannot satisfying all citizens needs in a certain area. However it is their duty and objectives are to ensure that communities are involved in difficulties of local government and to provide service that are maintainable. Therefore local government can be defined as a community government that its main concern is providing basic needs to communities. 3. HIERARCHY ROLES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The democracy system of South Africa has 3 spheres of government in hierarchy namely: national government, provincial and local government. Ismail at al (1997) National government develop and promote the well-being of the whole country, provincial is to develop and promote the well-being of the whole province and Local government it is developed and promoted for the well-being of all its inhabitants. These levels play a significant role in “delivery of service to citizens, they work together when deciding on budgets, policies and activities for particularly in areas that cut across all sphere” (Cloete, p.1988). However local government is the most crucial level as it place the most level that gets direct contact with citizens, by that it can easily identity the needs of the citizens .Roles of local government are to maintaining and...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Local Government and Grassroot Development Essay
  • Local Government Regulation Essay
  • Safeguarding: Local Government and Vulnerable Adults Essay
  • DEVOLVED GOVERNMENT Essay
  • Provincial and Local Government in South African Law Essay
  • Essay about Detail the Roles and Responsibilities of National and Local Government for Education Policy and Practice
  • Case 1-1: Mcdonald’s Expands Globally While Adjusting Its Local Recipe Essay
  • Effects of Big Business Subsidies on Local Economies Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free