ending is the principal business activity for most commercial banks. The loan portfolio is typically the largest asset and the predominate source of revenue. As such, it is one of the greatest sources of risk to a bank’s safety and soundness. Whether due to lax credit standards, poor portfolio risk management, or weakness in the economy, loan portfolio problems have historically been the major cause of bank losses and failures.
Effective management of the loan portfolio and the credit function is fundamental to a bank’s safety and soundness. Loan portfolio management (LPM) is the process by which risks that are inherent in the credit process are managed and controlled. Because review of the Loan portfolio management (LPM) process is so important, it is a primary supervisory activity. Assessing Loan portfolio management involves evaluating the steps bank management takes to identify and control risk throughout the credit process. The assessment focuses on what management does to identify issues before they become problems. This paper, written for the benefit of both examiners and bankers, discusses the elements of an effective Loan portfolio management process. It emphasizes that the identification and management of risk among groups of loans may be at least as important as the risk inherent in individual loans.
Effective loan portfolio management begins with oversight of the risk in individual loans. Prudent risk selection is vital to maintaining favorable loan quality. Therefore, the historical emphasis on controlling the quality of individual loan approvals and managing the performance of loans continues to be essential. But better technology and information systems have opened the door to better management methods. A portfolio manager can now obtain early indications of increasing risk by taking a more comprehensive view of the loan portfolio.
To manage their portfolios, bankers must... [continues]
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(2008, 11). Loan Portfolio Management. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 11, 2008, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Loan-Portfolio-Management-182381.html
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