RIVER INDUS ( Abaseen)
The Indus River is the most famous, major and the longest river in Pakistan. It origins in Lake Mansaroor, Tibet and finally after running across the country through Khyber Pakhtunkha, Punjab and Sindh Provinces flows into the Arabian Sea. In Khyber Pakhtoonkha province it is named as Abaseen which means the Father of the rivers. It displays a tidal bore and the river system is fed mainly by glaciers and snow of the Himalayas.
Flow of the river is fluctuated according to the seasons, being lower in winter, and over flowing its banks in monsoon season, from July to September 1. The formation of the embryonic Indus River, South Asia’s main source of surface water, may be began 50 million years ago when the Indian plate, Gondwanaland collided with Eurasia for the first time.
The Indus River system is consisting of three main reservoirs, 16 Barrages, 2 Siphons across major rivers, 12 inter link canals, 2 head-works, 44 canal systems (23 in Punjab, 14 in Sindh, 5 in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa and 2 in Balochstan) and more than 107000 water courses. The total length of the canals is about 56073 km. The entire basin of the river covers maximum area of about 384,000 square miles of open land, from which 204,000 sq. km lies in Pakistan. The famous Dam Tarbela and GaziBrotha Hydro Power Project are the most important engineering works on this river. Length of the Indus River – 2700 Km, Catchments area – 404220 Km and Annual Average flow – 48 MAF. Blind Dolfin is found in this river. The disputed Kala Bagh Dam have also to be constructed on this river.
2. River Sutlej ( Red River)
River Sutlej is a major river in Pakistan. It is the longest river and aslo included in the rivers that give Punjab (meaning “Fiver River”) begins from the west side of Tibet in the Kailas mountain ranges. It Flows from Northwest and West – South West via Himalayan valleys; it flows through Himachal Pardesh (India) and reaches Punjab plains in Hoshiarpur...
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