Littering Effects

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PART A
The Detrimental Effects of Littering
This essay is going to discuss the detrimental effects of littering by introducing the menaing of littering. Then it will discuss about the effects of littering to wildlife, health and communities. The essay also provides suggestion to combat littering and illegal dumping of trash and waste. Littering is the careless and casual disposal of trash or waste, often along roadways and in other public places. It may include items as large as automobile tires and parts or as small as cigarette butts. Littering may be either intentional or unintentional. Unintentional littering occurs as a result of uncovered trucks, unsecured vehicle loads, loss of vehicle parts, trash can spills, overflowing dumpsters and other act of carelessness. Littering has been an element of society for as long as anyone can remember. And for quite some time society has tried to eliminate, or at least minimize, the cause and effects of littering. The most common sources of litter are household trash, commercial dumpsters, loading docks, construction site, motorists and pedestrians. Once litter has accumulated, it invites people to add more. People litter where they feel no sense of ownership; where litter has already accumulated; and here they believe someone else will pick up after them. But mainly people litter because they just don’t care. Littering creates a variety of problems. Littering is harmful to wildlife. Plastic can cause animals such as birds to choke, when they mistake it for food. And, even worse, small bits of plastic can accumulate in the stomach of a bird, never digesting or decomposing, to the point where there is no more room for real food and the bird starves to death with a full stomach. UNEP (2006) claims that plastic waste causes the death of up to a million seabirds, 100,000 marine mammals and countless fish through various impacts. Although this figure is useful in raising awareness, it is important to...
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