University of Phoenix
Literature Review of Mediation and Advocacy
Literature Review of Mediation and Advocacy in Human Services Field.
This paper will review the following three areas: The Final Exit Network, Crime Victim's, , and Social Security Disability Advocacy. Additionally, we will explore the information which is available and links to mediation and advocacy to the human services field. This paper will discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each site, the availability of information, and the current trends using advocacy and or mediation in the human services field. Furthermore, this paper will discuss the importance of advocating in all three areas simultaneously for the overall wellness of the human services field and the clients. The paper will continue on to discuss the differences and similarities between advocates and decision makers within an agency setting. Advocates and Decision Makers
Most of today’s society turns to an Advocate for help after they have failed in an attempt by themselves. The advocate is then charged with the task of cleaning up the mess or fixing the situation before they can proceed. “Decision makers have certain preconceptions about advocates. For example, “This professional can be trusted,” or “This person is biased.” The advocate can either try to foster a different type of relationship or employ strategies that are most likely to be effective given the confines of the existing relations.” (Allan Edward Barsky, 2000, p. 221) Each website visited has demonstrated the use of both an Advocacy and a Mediator. “In many cases, an advocate combines both methods.” (Allan Edward Barsky, 2000, p. 219) While this is true, in most cases the client remains the decision maker because the Advocate is working on behalf of the client. One example of this can be recognized in the Final Exit Network website. Although the client solicits the aid of an Advocate, it is ultimately the client who makes all the decisions.
Final Exit Network
The Final Exit Network website provides information about end-of -life choices. The goals of this organization are "too serve people who are suffering in tolerantly from an irreversible condition which has become more than I can bear, to foster research to find new peaceful and reliable ways to sell to deliver, to promote the use of advanced directives, and to advocate for individuals went there advanced directives are not being honored." (The Final Exit Network, 2004 - 2008) Information on this sight appears to be more than adequate as it offers detailed explaination as to the purpose of the organization. Furthermore, the site provides information on resources, news, legislation, additional reading material, and it explains what the “Final Exit Network” is all about and how it works. The Final Exit Network provides a means for those who are suffering from terminal and or painful incurable diseases, to end their life with dignity and shows respect for the right to choose. The Final Exit Network also has a hand in supporting research on methods of self deliverance. The site is clearly not involved with assisted suicide but they lobby for changes in the laws governing Final Exit choices. ”Policy advocacy is directed at changes in rules or laws that go beyond a single agency (Fowler, 1989; Sosin & Caulum, 1983).” (Allan Edward Barsky, 2000) The advocates involved are volunteers and consist of medical doctors, psychologists, and other related backgrounds. These volunteers offer counseling, support, and guidance to self-deliverance as a time and place of one’s choosing. There is a new emergence of organizations such as the Final Exit Network, because people are realizing that even though the laws prohibit assisted suicide, people who suffer with painful, debilitating, and terminal conditions should be able to make their own choice. These organizations work mostly under power and writes...