Literature Review Mobile Industry in India

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Literature Review in Mobile
Technologies and Learning
REPORT 11:
FUTURELAB SERIES
Laura Naismith, Peter Lonsdale, Giasemi Vavoula, Mike Sharples University of Birmingham
FOREWORD
Mobile technologies are a familiar part of
the lives of most teachers and students
in the UK today. We take it for granted
that we can talk to other people at any
time, from wherever we may be; we are
beginning to see it as normal that we can
access information, take photographs,
record our thoughts with one device, and
that we can share these with our friends,
colleagues or the wider world. Newer
developments in mobile phone technology
are also beginning to offer the potential
for rich multimedia experiences and for
location-specific resources.
The challenge for educators and
designers, however, is one of
understanding and exploring how best
we might use these resources to support
learning. That we need to do this is
clear – how much sense does it make
to continue to exclude from schools,
powerful technologies that are seen as
a normal part of everyday life? At the
present time, however, the models for
using and developing mobile applications
for learning are somewhat lacking.
This review provides a rich vision of
the current and potential future
developments in this area. It moves
away from the dominant view of mobile
learning as an isolated activity to explore
mobile learning as a rich, collaborative
and conversational experience, whether
in classrooms, homes or the streets of
a city. It asks how we might draw on
existing theories of learning to help us
evaluate the most relevant applications
of mobile technologies in education. It
describes outstanding projects currently
under development in the UK and around
the world and it explores what the future
might hold for learning with mobile
technologies.
We look forward to hearing your views
on this review and welcome comments
at research@futurelab.org.uk
Keri Facer
Director of Learning Research
Futurelab
1
CONTENTS:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION 6
SECTION 2
AN ACTIVITY-BASED
APPROACH TO CONSIDERING
LEARNING WITH
MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES 9
SECTION 3
TEACHING AND
LEARNING WITH MOBILE
TECHNOLOGIES –
CASE STUDIES 20
SECTION 4
IMPLICATIONS FOR
LEARNERS, TEACHERS
AND TECHNOLOGY
DEVELOPERS 33
SECTION 5
THE FUTURE OF TEACHING
AND LEARNING WITH
MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES 36
BIBLIOGRAPHY 37
APPENDIX 1
CHARACTERISTICS OF
MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES 42
APPENDIX 2
MAJOR MOBILE LEARNING
RESEARCH PROJECTS 42
Literature Review in Mobile
Technologies and Learning
REPORT 11:
FUTURELAB SERIES
Laura Naismith, Peter Lonsdale, Giasemi Vavoula, Mike Sharples University of Birmingham
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The whole world is going mobile. Phones,
computers and media devices now fit in
our pockets and can connect us to a
variety of information sources and enable
communication nearly everywhere we
go. There is considerable interest in
exploiting the almost universal appeal
and abundance of these technologies for
their educational use.
The following issues are the most salient:
WHAT ARE THE NEW MOBILE
TECHNOLOGIES, AND WHY ARE
THEY RELEVANT TO LEARNING?
With respect to technologies, ‘mobile’
generally means portable and personal,
like a mobile phone. Many examples of
learning with mobile technologies fit in
to this description. Personal digital
assistants and mobile phones are the
most commonly used technologies for
mobile learning, but they exist within
the larger space of possible mobile
technologies that can be broadly
categorised on the two dimensions of
personal vs shared and portable vs static.
NEW LEARNING AND TEACHING
PRACTICES AND MOBILE
TECHNOLOGIES
Most previous reviews of mobile
technologies and learning have been
concerned with the use of these
technologies to address specific
curriculum areas. In this review, we
take an activity-centred perspective,
considering new practices against
existing...
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