PHILIPPINE LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
2. • Philippine Literature in English reveals the spirit of the Filipino.• Gradually this literature has learned to express the deepest of human experiences in words that create memorable images. 3. SOME CONCURRENTSIGNIFICANT HISTORICALAND LITERARY EVENTS IN THE PHILIPPINES 4. HISTORICAL• 1898- American forces occupy Manila• 1900- On January 29th, Taal Volcano erupts, killing 1,300 people and destroying 13 villages.• 1901. Civil government is inaugurated with Judge William H. Taft as governor.• 1907: Establishment of the first Philippine Assembly. Sergio Osmeña serves as the speaker from 1907-1922 5. • 1908- University of the Philippines was founded.• 1909- Manuel L Quezon is appointed as Filipino Resident Commissioner to the United States.• 1913-1931- Governor General Francis Burton Harrison initiates policy of Filipinizing the government. 6. LITERARY• 1900- English becomes the official medium of instruction of all public schools.• 1901- The Philippine Normal School was founded. Its purpose was to train Filipinos in the Art of Teaching so that they could eventually take charge of elementary education.• 1905- The Philippine Free Press was founded 7. • 1910- The College Folio is published at the University of the Philippines.- This magazine printed the works of the first promising writers in English. These early selections were mostly ghost stories or folk tales explaining natural phenomena.• 1920- The Philippine Herald began publication. It was founded by Manuel L. Quezon and its magazine section was edited by Paz Marquez Benitez.• 1921- First Filipino novel in English, A Child of Sorrow, is written by Zoilo M. Galang. 8. • First volume of essays in English, Life and Success, is published by Zoilo M. Galang.• 1924- Philippine Education Magazine is started. It is later renamed Philippine Magazine.• 1925- The Philippine Free Press offers a literary prizes.• 1927- The writers club was founded at the University of the Philippines. 9. Chapter 5The American Regime (1898-1941)
10. Historical BackgroundThe Filipino Revolutionists won against theSpaniards who colonized us for more than 300years. Our flag was hoisted on June 12, 1898as a symbol of our independence. Gen. EmilioAguinaldo was elected the first President of thePhilippine Republic but this was short-lived.The Fil.-American was resulted in the defeat ofGen. Miguel Malvar in 1903.The peace movements started as early as 1900.Many Filipinos started writing again and thenationalism of the people remained undaunted. 11. Filipino writers went into all forms ofliterature like news, reporting, poetry,stories, plays, essays, and novels. Theirwritings clearly depicted their love ofcountry and their longings for independence.The active arousal in the field of literaturestarted to be felt in the followingnewspapers.1. EL NUEVO DIA (The New Day).Established by Sergio Osmeña in 1900. TheAmerican censors twice banned this andthreatened Osmeña with banishment becauseof his nationalistic writings. 12. 2. EL GRITO DEL PUEBLO (The Call of theNation). Established by Pascual Poblete in1900.3. EL RENACIMIENTO (The Rebirth). Foundedby Rafael Palma in 1901.There were also plays written then but after thefirst and second presentations, the Americansput a stop to this because of the consistenttheme of nationalism. Included here were thefollowing:1. KAHAPON, NGAYON AT BUKAS (Yesterday,Today and Tomorrow). 13. Written by Aurelio Tolentino depicting thesuppression done by the Americans and theirplan to colonize the Philippines.2. TANIKALANG GINTO of Juan Abad.3. MALAYA by Tomas Remigio.4. WALANG SUGAT by Severino Reyes.A. Characteristics of Literature during ThisPeriodThree groups of writers contributed toPhilippine Literature during this period. 14. During the first year of the American period, the languages used inwriting were Spanish and Tagalog and the dialects of the differentregions, but Spanish and Tagalog predominated.In 1910, a new group started to write...
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