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The Spanish Period (1565- 1898)
 Historical Background
It is an accepted belief that the Spanish colonization of the Philippinesstarted in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. Literature started to flourish during his time. This spurt continued unabated until the Cavite Revolt in 1872. The Spaniards colonized the Philippines for more than three centuries. During these times, many changes occurred in the lives of Filipinos. They embraced the Catholic religion, changed their names, and were baptized. Their lifestyles changed too. They built houses mad of stones and bricks, used beautiful furniture like the piano and used kitchen utensils. Carriages, trains and boats were used as means of travel. They held fiestas to honor the saints, the pope and the governors. They had cockfights, horse races and the theater as means of recreation. This gave rise to the formation of the different classes of society like the rich and the landlords. Some Filipinos finished courses like medicine, law, agriculture and teaching. Many Filipinos finished their schooling already had been established.

Notable Dates and Events

1610 -Tomas Pinpin, ladino or bilingual, publishes his Spanish grammar for the use of the Tagalogs.
-Tomas Pinpin and Blancas de san Jose jointly authored Librong Pagaarala ng mga Tagalog sa Uikang Castilla
-Pinpins attempt at verse, and incidentally his religious proclivities, could be best seen in “Come Con Dios”.

O ama con dios O great God my father
O gran dios me padre
tolongan mo acogrant aid to me
quered ayudarme;
amponin mo acogrant me favor
sedme favorable
nang mayari itoto be able to complete this task
porque este se acabe
at icao ang purihinand give praise to thee.
Y a ves es alaban.

April 14, 1617- The Spanish fleet headed by Juan Ronquillo prevented the British attempt to invade Manila in the battle of Playa-Homda.

1627-a pioneering Tagalog versifier, Pedro Suarez Osorio of Ermita Manila. Little is known of him, either as a priest or a writer. One of his
attempts at poetry was fortunately preserved by father Alonso de Santa Ana in his book Explicacion de la Doctrina Lengua Tagala.

Salamat ng ualang hoyang Thanks be without end
Sa iyo Dios con maalamTo you god the All-knowing
Nitong iyong awang mahalFor your precious grace
Sa aming catagalogangiven us, your Tagalog brethren
“Icao paraluman naminYou are our guide
Ang sucat nga naming sundinWhom we shall follow strictly
Hanggang di cami dumatingTill we reach
Sa lalawigan mahimbing.”The peaceful haven.
October 3, 1646 -For the second time, the Spanish fleet defeated the British warship in Manila Bay. This event is commemorated in a yearly feast called "La Naval de Manila". 1704-Padre Gaspar Aquilino de Belen, a native of Rosario Batanggas was the first Filipino who composed and sang the pasion in tagalong and permitted by the church by Father Antonio del Pueblo to be imprint.

1750-Pasion becoming a best seller for many years and it was reissued the fifth time. October 5, 1762 -The British fleet defeated the Spanish warship allowing the British rule the country for two years. March 17, 1764 -The British surrendered the country to Spain after losing a battle during the seven-year war between them. October 31, 1829 -Francisco Dagohoy, a cabeza de barangay of Bohol and the leader of the longest uprising (8 years), surrendered to the Spaniards. September 6, 1834 -Manila was opened to international trade leading to a remarkable transformation of its economy. 1861-Birth of Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. 1872-Cavite Mutiny; martyrdom of the three priests: Gomez, Burgos,Zamora. 1887-Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) is published. It exposes Spain’s...
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