Literature

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  • Topic: Poetry, Drama, Syllable
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John Aris. Del Rosario
HNCA III-01

* What is Literature?
* writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. * Generic Classification

* Prose
* the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse. * Fiction
* the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, especially in prose form. * Non fiction
* the branch of literature comprising works of narrative prose dealing with or offering opinions or conjectures upon facts and reality, including biography, history, and the essay ( opposed to fiction and distinguished from poetry and drama ). * Drama

* a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, especially one intended to be acted on the stage; a play. * Poetry

* the art of rhythmical composition, written or spoken, for exciting pleasure by beautiful, imaginative, or elevated thoughts.

* Elements of short essay
* Conflict
* The struggle between two opposing forces
* Plot
* The sequences of actions and events that tell what happened

* Foreshadowing
* A hint of things to come

* Characterization
* Ways by which writers make characters come alive

* Point of View
* Either first person of third person narration
* Tone
* Writer’s attitude toward his/her subject and characters * Setting
* The time and place of a story’s action
* Symbol
* Something that represents or suggest a relationship or association * Theme
* The central insight or idea on which the story is based

* Kinds of Drama
* Tragedy
* Is a play in which the leading characters is overcome by trouble of some kind * Comedy
* -Is a play in which the leading character overcomes the obstacles placed in his way and wins in the conflict * Farce
* Is a comedy in which the situations are too ridiculous to be true

* Pantomime
* Is a play in which the story is told entirely by action * Historical Play
Is one in which some event of history is dramatized
* Puppet Play
* Is one in which the parts are acted by puppets, or marionettes * Plays of fantasy
* The action could not take place in real life, but only in the imagination of the writers * Characters of a play
* Characters
* Are the people who take part in the action
* Setting
* Tells when and where the events happen

* Plot
* A series of incident arranged in such a way that there is a beginning, a middle, and an end * Conflict
* Must give an account of a struggle between two persons, on between two groups of people or the struggle may be a mental one * Suspense
* Story moves toward the clashing of the two forces, the account of the incidents must be told so that each one grows more and more exciting * Climax
* With the growth of excitement, the action becomes more and more intense until the highest point of interest is reached with the clashing of the two forces * Single Effect
* The story of the play must arouse some feeling in the reader * Theme
* The author has discovered something about life that he or she thinks is worth knowing * Style
* Is the manner in which the play is written
* Exposition
* Introduce the characters establishes the relation among them makes clear the setting and strikes the keynote of the dominating mood * Complication
* The reaction of character to character to circumstances, will necessarily develop a second dramatic episode * Crisis and Climax
* The series of dramatic episodes must finally bring the action to a head where the cumulative force of character and solution to the problem * Resolution
* The climax is also the...
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