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Ethical issues in the use of in-depth interviews: literature review and discussion ALLMARK, P. J., BOOTE, J., CHAMBERS, E., CLARKE, A., MCDONNELL, A., THOMPSON, A. and TOD, A. Available from Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive (SHURA) at: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/1372/

This document is the author deposited version. You are advised to consult the publisher's version if you wish to cite from it. Published version ALLMARK, P. J., BOOTE, J., CHAMBERS, E., CLARKE, A., MCDONNELL, A., THOMPSON, A. and TOD, A. (2009). Ethical issues in the use of in-depth interviews: literature review and discussion. Research ethics review, 5 (2), 48-54.

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Ethics and in-depth interviews: literature review

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Title: Ethical issues in the use of in-depth interviews: literature review and discussion Note: This is a resubmission made in the light of referees' comments. Corresponding Author: Peter Allmark, Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, 32 Collegiate Crescent, Sheffield S10 2BP. E-mail: p.allmark@shu.ac.uk. Phone: 0114 225 5727. Fax: 0114 225 5495. Co-authors: Jonathan Boote, Research Design Service for Yorkshire and the Humber, University of Sheffield, Sheffield UK Eleni Chambers, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield UK Amanda Clarke, Centre of Academic Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen UK Ann McDonnell, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield UK Andrew Thompson, Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield UK Angela Tod, Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield UK Word count: 3793 Key words: Ethics, research, qualitative, interview, professional

Ethics and in-depth interviews: literature review

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Title: Ethical issues in the use of in-depth interviews: literature review and discussion Abstract This paper reports a literature review on the topic of ethical issues in in-depth interviews. The review returned three types of article: general discussion, issues in particular studies, and studies of interview-based research ethics. Whilst many of the issues discussed in these articles are generic to research ethics, such as confidentiality, they often had particular manifestations in this type of research. For example, privacy was a significant problem as interviews sometimes probe unexpected areas. For similar reasons, it is difficult to give full information of the nature of a particular interview at the outset, hence informed consent is problematic. Where a pair is interviewed (such as carer and cared-for) there are major difficulties in maintaining confidentiality and protecting privacy. The potential for interviews to harm participants emotionally is noted in some papers, although this is often set against potential therapeutic benefit. As well as these generic issues, there are some ethical issues fairly specific to in-depth interviews. The problem of dual role is noted in many papers. It can take many forms: an interviewer might be nurse and researcher, scientist and counsellor, or reporter and evangelist. There are other specific issues such as taking sides in an interview, and protecting vulnerable groups. important findings. worthwhile. Little specific study of the ethics of in-depth However, that which has shows some For example, one study shows participants are interviews has taken place.

not averse to discussing painful issues provided they feel the study is Some...
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