2. A connotation is an inferred meaning that can be negative or positive. However, the negative or positive aspect is not always referenced and is not necessary for a connotation to exist. In Lewis' "The Hack Driver" Lewis positively connotes individuals from rural (less populated) areas as friendly and welcoming to strangers (Lewis, 1997).
3. A dictionary definition is considered a denotation. Denotations are literal meanings. Many terms are used to describe the characters in the various short stories. For example, the word scoundrel is used to mean a wicked person. Denotations are very common in literary work.
4.Figurative Language is a colorful figure of speech that has many forms. Similes, metaphors, symbols, hyperboles, and personifications are all considered figurative language.
5. A simile is a comparison used in literary work using the terms "like" or "as". Similes are effective when they compare two unassociated objects. In Marge Piercy's "To Be of Use" a simile is used to compare a hard worker's strength and dedication to getting the job done to that of a water buffalo pulling a load (Piercy, 1996). Piercy(1996) says, "I love people who harness themselves, an ox to a heavy cart, who pull like water buffalo, with massive patience, who strain in the mud and muck to move things forward, who do what has to be...