The Neoclassical Period valued reason, formal rules and demanded order in beauty.The ‘Neoclassic Period’ in England spans the 140 years.
After the Restoration, the Romantic Period is usually taken to expand approximately from the outbreak of the French Revolution.
Neoclassic Period can be divided into three parts:
1. The Restoration Age (Age of Dryden) 1660-1700
2. The Augustan Age (Age of Pope and Swift) 1700- 1750
3. The Age of Johnson 1750- 1798
Features of Neoclassic Literature
Neoclassical writers stressed balance, order, logic and emotional restraint, focusing on society and human intellect and avoiding personal feelings.
Neoclassical writers modeled their works on those of ancient Greece and Rome, emulating what they saw as restraint, rationality and dignity of classical writing. Neoclassicists often used satire to point out aspects of society that they felt needed to be changed.
They followed Roman models choosing between the gentle, playful and sympathetic approach of Horace ( Horation Satire) and the darker, biting style of Juvenal (Juvenalian Satire)
Neoclassic writers viewed human beings as limited agents who ought to set themselves only accessible goals. Many of the great works attack human ‘pride’ and enforce the lesson of humanity’s need to submit to its restricted position in the cosmic order.
Romanticism is a movement of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that marked the reaction in literature, philosophy, art, religion, and politics to the formalism of the preceding Neoclassic period.
Features of Romantic Literature
Imagination and emotion are more important than reason and formal rules. intuition and a reliance on “natural” feelings as a guide to conduct are valued over controlled, rationality.
Romantic literature tends to emphasize a love of nature and a valuing of the common, "natural" man.Romantics idealize country life and believe that many of the ills of society...