Literary Analysis the Odyssey

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Odysseus’s 20-year long Journey

When you set out for Ithaca, pray that your road’s a long one, full of adventure, full of discovery. In Homer’s epic poem, “The Odyssey”, ten years have passed since the fall of Troy, and the Greek hero Odysseus still has not returned to his kingdom in Ithaca, many believe he is dead. It takes Odysseus 20 years to return home after he left Ithaca for the war. It takes Odysseus 10 years to return home after the 10 year long Trojan war. During these 10 years, Odysseus has spent a year with the sorceress Circe. Odysseus is trapped with the Nymph Goddess Calypso for 7 years. The themes that are portrayed throughout the poem are the significance of hospitality, the power of leadership, and loyalty. A theme that is relevant in the poem is the significance of hospitality. Odysseus reminds us all that Circe opens up her doors to him and his crew: “There Odysseus shares her meat and wine, and she restores his heart. But, after many seasons of feasting and other pleasures, Odysseus and his men beg Circe to help them get home.” (Homer 913) Circe was being friendly and let Odysseus and his men stay on her island. In particular, Odysseus tells us that Alcinous invited him into his home: “That night, at the banquet, the stranger who was washed up on the beach is seated in the guest’s place of honor.” (Homer 895) Alcinous is being friendly and receptions his stranger in a generous and entertaining way. Both, Alcinous and Circe are showing hospitality by welcoming Odysseus. Overall, the significance of hospitality is one of the three themes that I thought were most important in The Odyssey. Hospitality is the heroic code of The Odyssey.

In fact, Odysseus has the power of leadership. Odysseus is honest, forward-looking, intelligent, courageous, and straightforward. These are all traits of a good leader. Odysseus is a true leader: “Now by the gods, I drove my big hand spike deep in the embers, charring it again, and cheered my men along with...
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