Literary analysis of “Brave New World.”
In the Sci-fi futuristic novel “Brave New World”, published in 1932, Aldous Huxley introduces the idea of the utopian society, achieved through technological advancement in biology and chemistry, such as cloning and the use of controlled substances. In his novel, the government succeeds in attaining stability using extreme forms of control, such as sleep teaching, known as conditioning, antidepressant drugs – soma and a strict social caste system. This paper will analyze the relevance of control of society versus individual freedom and happiness to our society through examining how Huxley uses character development and conflict. In the “Brave New World”, Control of society is used to enforce stability, removing individual freedom and results in a false happiness, while in our modern world, society is regulated so that each person has the choice of happiness. Huxley presents his message in this novel through several of the characters of the “Brave New World”, demonstrating the struggle between control versus individual freedom and happiness in the World State itself. These characters, therefore, present a message put into the novel by Huxley. The main characters include Mustapha Mond, who is the center of all control; Bernard Marx, who seeks freedom and then returns to the control of the World State; and Lenina, who represents the struggle of those of us in our own world who do not want to stand out, but who have the opportunity to choose whether it is accepted by the society or not. Those characters show the theme between control and individual freedom and happiness best and so this paper will base the analysis on a discussion of each character. In the “Brave New World” the World State is a place controlled by technology. "And that," put in the Director sententiously, "that is the secret of happiness and virtue-liking what you've got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their inescapable social destiny." Every single action of each person is almost predetermined.” People are conditioned to live and think the way the government has decided. Education is limited to only certain information, where the history is completely removed. Cloning eliminates the need of family and monogamy. Different castes are created to perform different types of labor. People are given daily portions of a drug – soma, which helps them to get rid of the stress and negative thoughts. Unlike modern drugs, soma does not have negative side effects. By contrast, we understand individual freedom to be an ability to make choices. For example, a person should be able to choose whether to commit a crime, or not. Happiness is often defined by the person as an experience of the emotion, or a variety of emotions. However, we can all generally agree that happiness is a good feeling that comes from being content with life. Our modern society has instead a system of laws and regulations that while they put some kind of limitations on our actions, do not pre-dertermine how each person will or even should behave. Mustapha Mond is one of the ten World State controllers. He first appears on the tour of the Central London Hatcheries and Conditioning center, where he tells the students of the horrible past with its monogamous relationships, love and emotions. It is our first look at how Mustapha promotes control in the “Brave New World”. He describes the way laws and regulations are created through the metaphore: "All our science is just a cookery book, with an orthodox theory of cooking that nobody's allowed to question, and a list of recipes that mustn't be added to except by special permission from the head cook." p. 225. He represents the government and control in the utopia. This is the complete opposite from our society where family has a huge value. The birth of a child is one of the most important life events for a family in our modern day, yet in “Brave New World” reproduction through cloning...
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