Medical marijuana is a controversial subject. This literature review is broken up into four sections and will focus on the general therapeutic uses of medical marijuana, the methods to use medical marijuana, medical marijuana use for multiple sclerosis patients, and medical marijuana use for AIDS/cancer patients. The reason for the first section, therapeutic uses of medical marijuana, is because it allows the readers to understand the general beneficial therapeutic use of medical marijuana. The different methods to administer medical marijuana are listed as another category because there are different choices that a patient has to effectively use marijuana for medical use. With that being said, there are three methods listed in this review, with one being the most commonly use but is the most harmful way to use marijuana and the other two being the alternative choices for patients. The third section, medical marijuana use for multiple sclerosis patients, deals with how medical marijuana works in certain patients but not in all of the multiple sclerosis patients. The last section, medical marijuana uses for AIDS/cancer patients, is about the effective beneficial use for the patients. The only database that was used was the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) because it was the first database that I tried for health related information. This database had enough information that I did not need to look at other databases. The dates of the articles that were used in this literature review range from 2000 to 2011. Section One: Therapeutic Uses
The following three articles will focus on the therapeutic uses of marijuana for medical use. In the first article, Seamon MJ, Fass JA, Maniscalco-Feichtl M, and Abu-Shraie NA are the authors who are affiliated with the College of Pharmacy at Nova Southeastern University of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. They published their work in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. Mathre ML is the author of the second article. She is the president of an organization called “Patients Out of Time,” from the University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville, Virginia. She published her work in the journal, Drug & Alcohol Professional. Finally, the last article, the authors are Russo E, Mathre ML, Byrne A, Velin R, Bach PJ, Sanchez-Ramos J, and Kirlin KA. These authors are affiliated with the Montana Neurobehavioral Specialists in Missoula, Montana. They published their article in the Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics.
The first article, “Clinical Review. Medical Marijuana and The Developing Role of The Pharmacist,” is a review on the legalization and the use of marijuana for medical reasons. There are still battles of legalizing marijuana in the United States. Some states have approved the use of medical marijuana, but on the other hand, other states will allow patients to claim a defense and prove that they need marijuana for medical purposes. Moreover, patients who experience one of the five general indications listed in the article for the medical use of marijuana does not have to see a pharmacist because patients are able to grow their own plant to treat themselves, legally in some states. This article is a good over view of the laws of medical marijuana and the guidelines that generally suggest who are able to use marijuana for medical purposes. It went straight to the point without using terms where readers who are not familiar with legal or medical terms can understand. This article overall had good information on the issues of therapeutic and legal situations of medical marijuana. This can be understandable because I think the article was meant to be readable to the general public, which is another reason for this article being listed first.
Even though there are negative opinions about the use of medical marijuana, there are also beneficial therapeutic uses to marijuana and these are explained in the second article,...
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