Brain Drain in El Paso: A Review of the Literature
According to A. Shah (2006), “Brain drain” (also known as human capital flight) is the phenomena whereby nations lose skilled labor because there are better paid jobs elsewhere. However, better standards of living and quality of life, higher salaries, access to advanced technology and more stable political conditions in the developed countries attract talent from less developed areas. (S. Dodani and R. Laporte, 2005) There has been major supposition recently about whether or not brain drain is occurring in El Paso. In order to better understand what the brain drain is, and to evaluate evidence that suggests the brain drain is occurring or not in El Paso, the following four questions will be answered: 1.
Where does brain drain occur, what are its causes and effects? 2.
What research is there to suggest the brain drain is occurring in El Paso? 3.
What research is there to suggest the brain drain is not occurring in El Paso? 4.
What are the leading factors that entice people away to other cities? The following review on literature will focus on these questions and will provide information on the brain drain, its causes and effects.
What is the brain drain’s causes and effects and where does it mostly occur? The brain drain has been seen poorer countries in the last recent years as well as some rich countries, and workers look to escape bad situations in their poor home countries (Shah, 2006). The problem has been noted in healthcare in particular because the loss of healthcare professionals in poorer countries leaves already struggling healthcare systems in an even more desperate state (Shah,2006). Factors influencing preferences of international graduate students in the United States as to whether they prefer to stay in the United States or go back to their home country to start their careers are examined employing discrete choice analysis. (Shah, 2006) Career opportunities and social climate are...
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