Achilles: Greek warrior; slew Hector at Troy; slain by Paris, who wounded him in his vulnerable heel. Actaeon: Hunter; surprised Artemis bathing; changed by her to stag; and killed by his dogs. Admetus: King of Thessaly; his wife, Alcestis, offered to die in his place. Adonis: Beautiful youth loved by Aphrodite.
Aeacus: One of three judges of dead in Hades; son of Zeus.
Aeëtes: King of Colchis; father of Medea; keeper of Golden Fleece. Aegeus: Father of Theseus; believing Theseus killed in Crete, he drowned himself; Aegean Sea named for him. Aegisthus: Son of Thyestes; slew Atreus; with Clytemnestra, his paramour, slew Agamemnon; slain by Orestes. Aegyptus: Brother of Danaus; his sons, except Lynceus, slain by Danaides. Aeneas: Trojan; son of Anchises and Aphrodite; after fall of Troy, led his followers eventually to Italy; loved and deserted Dido. Aeolus: One of several Winds.
Aesculapius: See Asclepius.
Aeson: King of Ioclus; father of Jason; overthrown by his brother Pelias; restored to youth by Medea. Aether: Personification of sky.
Aethra: Mother of Theseus.
Agamemnon: King of Mycenae; son of Atreus; brother of Menelaus; leader of Greeks against Troy; slain on his return home by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. Aglaia: One of several Graces.
Ajax: Greek warrior; killed himself at Troy because Achilles's armor was awarded to Odysseus. Alcestis: Wife of Admetus; offered to die in his place but saved from death by Hercules. Alcmene: Wife of Amphitryon; mother by Zeus of Hercules.
Alcyone: One of several Pleiades.
Alecto: One of several Furies.
Alectryon: Youth changed by Ares into cock.
Althaea: Wife of Oeneus; mother of Meleager.
Amazons: Female warriors in Asia Minor; supported Troy against Greeks. Amor: See Eros.
Amphion: Musician; husband of Niobe; charmed stones to build fortifications for Thebes. Amphitrite: Sea goddess; wife of Poseidon.
Amphitryon: Husband of Alcmene.
Anchises: Father of Aeneas.
Ancile: Sacred shield that fell from heavens; palladium of Rome. Andraemon: Husband of Dryope.
Andromache: Wife of Hector.
Andromeda: Daughter of Cepheus; chained to cliff for monster to devour; rescued by Perseus. Anteia: Wife of Proetus; tried to induce Bellerophon to elope with her. Anteros: God who avenged unrequited love.
Antigone: Daughter of Oedipus; accompanied him to Colonus; performed burial rite for Polynices and hanged herself. Antinoüs: Leader of suitors of Penelope; slain by Odysseus. Aphrodite (Venus): Goddess of love and beauty; daughter of Zeus and Dione; mother of Eros. Apollo: God of beauty, poetry, music; later identified with Helios as Phoebus Apollo; son of Zeus and Leto. Aquilo: One of several Winds.
Arachne: Maiden who challenged Athena to weaving contest; changed to spider. Ares (Mars): God of war; son of Zeus and Hera.
Argo: Ship in which Jason and followers sailed to Colchis for Golden Fleece. Argus: Monster with hundred eyes; slain by Hermes; his eyes placed by Hera into peacock's tail. Ariadne: Daughter of Minos; aided Theseus in slaying Minotaur; deserted by him on island of Naxos and married to Dionysus. Arion: Musician; thrown overboard by pirates but saved by dolphin. Artemis (Diana): Goddess of moon; huntress; twin sister of Apollo. Asclepius (Aesculapius): Mortal son of Apollo; slain by Zeus for raising dead; later deified as god of medicine. Also known as Asklepios. Astarte: Phoenician goddess of love; variously identified with Aphrodite, Selene, and Artemis. Asterope: See Sterope.
Astraea: Goddess of Justice; daughter of Zeus and Themis.
Atalanta: Princess who challenged her suitors to a foot race; Hippomenes won race and married her. Athena (Minerva): Goddess of wisdom; known poetically as Pallas Athene; sprang fully armed from head of Zeus. Atlas: Titan; held world on his shoulders as punishment for warring against Zeus; son of...