List of firsts in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
List of firsts in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of firsts in India.
1 Architecture 2 Awards and Titles 2.1 Nobel Prize 3 Defence (in the Republic of India) 4 Econonomy 5 Exploration 6 Film, TV and entertainment 7 Governance 8 Science 8.1 Medical Science 9 Sport 9.1 Olympics 9.2 Chess 9.3 Tennis 9.4 Cricket 10 Women 11 Places 12 Transport 13 Others 14 References
First Islamic Mausoleum (tomb) in India: (http://Sultan%20Ghari) Sultan Ghari(Hindi: सु तान ग़ार , Urdu: ,)ﺳﻠﻄﺎن ﻏﺎریbuilt in 1231 CE for Prince Nasir ud din Mahmud, eldest son of Iltumish. First true dome, Alai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khilji. First true arch, Balban's tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi, built c. 1287 CE, by Ghiyas ud din Balban of Mamluk dynasty. First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, also the first with Persian double-dome: Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, built 1562-1571 CE. First Mosque in India: Cheraman Juma Masjid Kodungallur (Kerala), built 629-630 A.D by Malik ibn Deenar, an Arab trader on the order of Chera ruler (http://Cheraman%20Perumal) Cheraman Perumal (Tajjudin after conversion to Islam)
Awards and Titles
Miss World: Reita Faria in 1966 Miss Universe: Sushmita Sen in 1994 Miss Earth: Nicole Faria in 2010 Dhan Gopal Mukerji, first Indian to win any literary award (the Newbery Medal) in the United States, in 1927 for Gay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon Nirad C. Chaudhuri, first Indian to win a major non-fiction award, the Duff Cooper Prize in the United Kingdom, in 1966 for The Continent of Circe Arundhati Roy won the Booker prize for her novel "The God of Small Things" in the year 1997 making her the first Indian woman to receive the prestigious award. Bhaswati Bhattacharya was the first Indian to speak as Orator at the Harvard University Commencement Exercises in 1993. Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and Dr C.V. Raman in 1954 Commandeur of the Order of Arts and Letters: Mrinal Sen Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters: Sivaji Ganesan Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Devika Rani in 1969 Ashoka Chakra Award to a civilian : D.K. Jatar (posthumous) and M.C Dixit, captain and co-captain respectively, of the sabotaged plane Kashmir Princess, for "most conspicuous bravery, daring and self-sacrifice" Magsaysay Award: Vinoba Bhave, 1958 Stalin Peace Prize (now known as Lenin Peace Prize) in 1952-Saifuddin Kitchlew
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List of firsts in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Stalin Peace Prize (now known as Lenin Peace Prize) in 1952-Saifuddin Kitchlew Oscar for Lifetime Achievement - Satyajit Ray Nishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai,May 19, 1990 Ford Supermodel of the World (contest): Bipasha Basu, 1996 
Nobel Prize winner: Rabindranath Tagore for the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913. He was also the first Asian to get the prize. Nobel Prize in Physics: C. V. Raman in 1930,Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1983. (US citizen of Indian origin) Nobel Prize in Medicine: Har Gobind Khorana in 1968. (US citizen of Indian origin ) Nobel Peace Prize: Mother Teresa in 1979 (Indian citizen of Albanian origin) Nobel Prize in Economics: Amartya Sen in 1998 Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in 2009 (US citizen of Indian origin)
Defence (in the Republic of India)
Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Sir Roy Bucher Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1949 Chief of Air Staff: Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst Indian Chief of Staff: General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, 1947 Commander-in-Chief, IAF: Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee, 1954 Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral R D Katari Cosmonaut: Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma, 1984 Field Marshal: Sam...
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