List of Examples of Stylistic Devices

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Lexical stylistic devices
Metaphor.
Sustained metaphor
O Rose, thou art sick!
The invisible worm
That flies in the night,
In the howling storm,

Has found out thy bed
Of crimson joy,
And his dark secret love
Does thy life destroy.
[William Blake “The sick rose” http://www.poetry-archive.com/b/the_sick_rose.html] novel metaphor:
Time is jealous of you and wars against your lilies and your roses [Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.30] Conventional metaphor
"If all the world's a stage, where is the audience sitting?" [by Steven Wright “Anatomy of English humor” Lev Barsky Либроком, Москва, 2012] Genuine methaphor
The pulse of joy that beats in us at twenty, becomes sluggish [Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.31] Dead metaphor
O, beware, my lord, of jealousy;
It is the green-ey'd monster, which …
[Shakespeare “Othello”, HarperPress, 2011, p 66]
Conceptual metaphor
How rising prices are hitting your pocket
[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-16535721]

Simple methaphor
Prince charming, my wonderful lover, my god of graces.
[Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.80] Extended metaphor
Life's but a walking shadow; a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage,
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing...
[Shakespeare “Macbeth”, HarperPress, 2011, p 67]
Metonymy
Novel Metonymy
Thin-lipped wisdom spoke at her from the worn chair.
[Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.73] Conceptual metonymy
A prominent Iranian parliament member said Friday that a U.S. drone violated Iran's airspace a week ago, when the Pentagon says it was fired on.  [http://whatreallyhappened.com/ar/category/iran?page=1]

Conventional metonymy
We need some new faces and fresh ideas.
[ http://www.volnation.com/forum/tennessee-vols-football/8067-new-era-ut-football.html] Relations:
1. The material instead of the thing made of it-
Disdaining fortune, with his brandished steel, which smoked with bloody execution. (Refers to Macbeth's sword)
[Shakespeare “Macbeth”, HarperPress, 2011, p 48]
2.The author instead of the thing he made
He stood before his Gauguin--sorest point of his collection
[Galsworthy “The Forsyte saga”, “To let”, http://librivox.org/to-let-by-john-galsworthy/]

Situational Irony
The next four weeks of solitary confinement were among the happiest of Paul's life. [Evelyn Waugh “Decline and Fall”. P. 163].

Verbal irony
Commander William T. Riker: Charming woman!
Lt. Commander Data: [voice-over] The tone of Commander Riker's voice makes me suspect that he is not serious about finding Ambassador T'Pel charming. My experience suggests that in fact he may mean the exact opposite of what he says. ["Star Trek: The Next Generation", min 36]

Simile
His eyes were as luminous as a cat’s eyes (334); <…> his eyes glowing like cigarette ends- [Colier J. “Half way to hell”. P. 334].
Zeugma
She looked at the object with suspicion and a magnifying glass. [Charles Dickens “Great expectations”, Penguin, 2008, chapter 2, p 10] Pun
The house, grey and weather-beaten, looked as much a part of the landscape as the trees that sheltered it [Maugham “Home”.”Short stories” Vintage books.1998. P.219]. Allusion
He really had somewhat the look of a young Silenus.
[Maugham “The happy man”.”Short stories” Vintage books.1998. P.293]. Antonomasia
Prince Charming rules life for us now.
[Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.72] Personification
Time is jealous of you and wars against your lilies and your roses [Wilde O. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Penguin books. 1994. P.30]

Epithet
Associated epithet- His black eyes flashed a bacchanalian smile [Maugham “The happy man”.”Short stories” Vintage books.1998. P.219]. Unassociated epithet- and when he was ashore, to walk in noisy, friendless cities with streets so...
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