Linguistics Lecture

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Dr. Anderson’s T & W drop-in hours switched (check Avenue!) Tutorials begin Monday! •

Linguistics 1A03
Introduction to Linguistics 1 Lecture 1B 14 September 2012



submit your homework in your tutorial!

• •

web>clicker? textbook e-resources?

Today’s Objective


Begin to understand the fundamental ways of thinking in Linguistics.

Some properties of grammar
• • •

creativity generality parity

Some properties of grammar: Parity


all grammars are equally valid prescriptive grammar descriptive grammar

✦ ✦

Is this statement a scientific observation? A. Yes B. No
People who live in East Hamilton often say “I seen him” where they should say “I saw him”

Clicker frequency is BD.

Is this statement a scientific observation? A. Yes B. No
In Finnish, prepositions come after nouns.
Kissa
on
pöydän alla cat is table under “The cat is under the table”

Is this statement a scientific observation? A. Yes B. No
If you end a sentence with a preposition you sound ignorant. Gymboree is one of the stores that I shop at. Gymboree is one of the stores at which I shop.

Clicker frequency is BD.

Clicker frequency is BD.

Some properties of grammar: Universality
✦ ✦ ✦ ✦

all grammars share some universal properties phonological syntactic etc.

Some properties of grammar: Mutability
✦ ✦ ✦ ✦

all grammars change over time sounds words & word forms sentence structures

[w] not [hw] in Canada by age

Some properties of grammar: Inaccessibility


almost all grammatical knowledge is unconscious (a.k.a. implicit)

How can we observe unconscious knowledge?

Some properties of grammar
✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦

creativity generality parity universality mutability inaccessibility

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