Ho Hiu To, Hugo
Li Yin Yung Charmaine
Au Yeung Kam Mui, Mable
Chan Tze Ying, Karen
Lau So Fong, Sophie
Submitted to: Dr. Judy Ho
March 15, 2010
STUDENT NO: 1191557, 1104944
Instant Messaging (IM) is becoming an increasingly popular channel of synchronous internet communication especially among teenagers (Huang, 2008; Berglund, 2009; Crystal, 2006, p.248). The manifestations of IM clients such as ICQ, MSN, Facebook chat, has given rise to a unique structure of language communication in the internet community -Computer-mediated communication (CMC) (Crystal, 2006). It is of interest to see how participants of these electronic chat conversations can understand each other, considering that they are so unintelligible and different from face-to-face communication (Holmer, 2008). This paper examines the distinctive linguistic features in CMC texts that are extracted from Windows Live Messenger (WLM). Based on an approximately 800-word corpus of instant messages, collected from an undergraduate student whose first language is Cantonese and second language is English, this study investigates three most prevalent linguistic features in synchronous CMC and justifies their existence in accordance to the Hong Kong context.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
RESULTS & ANALYSIS
3.11 Phonological Shortenings
3.12 Lexical Shortenings
3.13 Syntactic Shortenings
3.21 Romanized Cantonese Sentence Particles
3.22 Romanized Cantonese Expressions
Prior to the 96s, language communication was a laborious and deliberate process, considering one's options to communicate long distances were limited to telephones, letters and emails. With the introduction of online bulletins and discussion boards in the mid nineties, many computer technology corporations then recognized the importance of online discussion. Hence, Microsoft, created an instant messenger client named Windows Live messenger (WLM). This client enables synchronous internet chat to take place in real time between two or more users. Each WLM user has his or her personal contact list that stores all the chat partners that he or she has authorized akin to other instant messaging software (Lee, 2002, p.4; Danet & C. Herring, 2007) _(See Figure 1.0)_. Followed by the rapid popularization of internet use in the 21st century, computer-mediated communication (CMC) is formed (Lee, 2002, p.2; Yang, 2007). This paper examines three distinctive features that occur in a typical WLM conversation in Hong Kong. By examining each linguistic feature, this paper justifies how and why they are used in relation to CMC in synchronous net communication.
_(Figure 1.0 showing a WLM contact list)_
_2. DATA COLLECTION_
In the course of collecting the appropriate data to analyze the linguistic features in WLM texts, the following criteria must be satisfied:
The messages should only involve two participants - the speaker and the hearer
Each message should be written only either in Cantonese, English or both
The speaker and hearer of the messages should be Hong Kong Native Chinese
Prior permission from the hearer must be endorsed before this investigation could be conducted
Below is an excerpt of a WLM conversation that took place between two Hong Kong Cantonese undergraduate students. The messages are subsequently processed into MS Word and the lines are numbered _(See Table 1.1)._
YOU CAN HI ME ACTUALLYXD
HAHA THTS NOT ME
THE PIC OR THE SONG?XD
seems like smoking..
YEA THT GUY IS SMOKING
guy or gal?
THTS NOT MEXD I JUST STOLE THT PIC ONLINE