Linguistic Concept

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Table of contents

1. Introduction3

1.1 Aim3

1.2 Methodology and data 3

2. Date analysis2

2.1 Metaphor2

2.2 Parallelism3

Reference4

Appendices5

1. Introduction

The State of the Union is the message which the President of the United State give to the Congress annually. The address is usually given in every January and used to outline the President’s legislative proposals for the upcoming years. According to the United Stated Constitution "The President shall from time to time give to Congress information of the State of the Union and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient." (Article II, Sec. 3, U.S. Constitution). As a result, The President’s ambition is to increase political support, to encourage mutual understanding. In order to do that, they often use the rhetoric strategies to convince the Congressmen.

The use of metaphor is to help the listener visualize what it means by phrase and expression and the use of parallel is help the listener easily recognize the particular part of messages. These are two rhetoric devices which George H W. Bush used in his State of Union 2008 to persuade that his thoughts, aims are equitable and to make his points clear and vivid to the Congressmen.

1.1 Aim

The aim of the essay is to analyze and elucidate the use of metaphor and three-part statement which George W Bush used in his State of the Union 2008. For what purpose are these two rhetoric devices use and what do they suggest to the audience?

1.2 Methodology and data

The material analyzed in this essay is the State of the Union 2008 delivered by George H W. Bush on 28th January 2008 which I found on the webpage of the White House ….

In this essay, the two main devices in the address will be analyzed: metaphor and parallelism in order to show what the President means to persuade his audience. The analysis will be based on the originated by Thomas et al (2nd edition). According to this theory metaphor is a way of comparing two different concepts and the politicians often use metaphor to talk about abstract concepts in ways that make them seem more concrete, partly so that they can be more easily grasped, and partly to avoid boring their audience. Also according to Thomas et al (2nd edition) parallelism is a device which expresses several ideas in a series of similar structure and is used by the politician to draw attention to a particular part of their message and make it stand out from the rest of the speech. The method for analysis will be locate the metaphors and parallelism mentioned and analyze how they are exploited and what they suggest for.

2. Data Analysis

2.1 Metaphor

Metaphors in political discourse are tools for making abstract political issues acessible to the listener. The use of metaphor in political discourse is stategic. According to Beard (1997:17-21), it is a skill to appeal to the emotions of the listener in a ways that feels natural to the audience.

In his address, the President Geogre H W.Bush used a lot of metaphors to illustrate his ideas clearly and visually. The most common use of metaphor in his address is personification. Personification is a special type of metaphor that entails giving human characteristics to inanimate object or abstract ideas (Thomas et al, 2nd edition: 46). Firstly, he usually use various types of the word “grow” (1) in mentioning the economy:

“To build a prosperous future, we must trust people with their own money and empower them to grow our economy”
“In the long run, Americans can be confident about our economic growth. But in the short run, we can all see that that growth is slowing. So last week, my administration reached agreement with Speaker Pelosi and Republican Leader Boehner on a robust growth package that includes tax relief for individuals and families and incentives...
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