Linear Approaches
Linear Approach is also known as the managerial approach because all the models that fall under this approach describe changes from the vision until the implementation stage. It is considered the simplest of all the traditional models in the theories of change. According to Stacey (1996) managing a change under any circumstances whether planned or unplanned is complex with many starts and stops throughout the complete process. This conclusion has been come to under the assumptions that: 1. Managers are able to identify organizational changes way ahead of the environmental changes. 2. Change is a linear (sequential) process.

3. Organizations are systems that are operating within a stable environment. Linear Approaches however tend to understate the role of external stakeholders such as governments, shareholders etc. and focus more on internal stakeholders because a change within the organization is considered an internal process. Lewin’s model (1947) of change has adopted the linear approach and states that change takes place through three stages that are: 1. Unfreezing – the stage wherein it is recognized that some form of change is needed 2. Moving – the stage wherein the new ideas and ways are tested 3. Refreezing – the stage wherein everything is stabilized and the change has been achieved Another model known as Kotter’s Model (1996) that has adopted this approaches which is more human oriented and identifies change in eight stages which are: 1. Establishing a sense of urgency in order to be able to recognize what changes are required to be done and why these changes are to be implemented. 2. Creating a guiding coalition where in groups are being formed and given authority to do implement the required changes. 3. Developing a vision and strategy because there should be a goal that the organization is willing to achieve through a specific path therefore it must be clarified and expressed through the vision of the...

...CLAS 133A, Greek Art
December 6, 2006
Ancient Crete: The Double-Axe and Minoan Linear A
MFA object # 58.1009
Votive Double Axe
Late Minoan I A, about 1550-1500 B.C.E
From the Arkalochori Cave on Crete
Gold
When Heinrich Schliemann with his literal belief in Homer discovered Hissarlik (his Troy) and Mycenae, he opened up a whole new idea in classical archaeology- that of myths being reality. Before his discoveries, the earliest recorded date in Greek history...

...Summer 2010-3 CLASS NOTES CHAPTER 1
Section 1.1: Linear Equations
Learning Objectives:
1. Solve a linear equation
2. Solve equations that lead to linear equations
3. Solve applied problems involving linear equations
Examples:
1. [pic]
[pic]
3. A total of $51,000 is to be invested, some in bonds and some in certificates of deposit (CDs). If the amount invested in bonds is to exceed...

...The development of linear programming has been ranked among the most important scientific advances of the mid 20th century. Its impact since the 1950’s has been extraordinary. Today it is a standard tool used by some companies (around 56%) of even moderate size. Linear programming uses a mathematical model to describe the problem of concern. Linear programming involves the planning of activities to obtain an optimal result, i.e., a result that reaches...

...Patterns within systems of Linear Equations
HL Type 1 Maths Coursework
Maryam Allana
12 Brook
The aim of my report is to discover and examine the patterns found within the constants of the linear equations supplied. After acquiring the patterns I will solve the equations and graph the solutions to establish my analysis. Said analysis will further be reiterated through the creation of numerous similar systems, with certain patterns, which will aid in...

...RESEARCH PAPER ON
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
Vikas Vasam
ID: 100-11-5919
Faculty: Prof. Dr Goran Trajkovski
CMP 561: Algorithm Analysis
VIRGINIA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Introduction:
One of the section of mathematical programming is linear programming.
Methods and linear programming models are widely used in the optimization of processes in all sectors of the economy: the...

...LINEAR PROGRAMMING
INTRODUCTION:
The term ‛programming′ means planning and it refers to a particular plan of action amongst several alternatives for maximizing profit or minimizing cost etc. Programming problems deal with determining optimal allocation of limited resources to meet the given objectives, such as cost, maximum profit, highest margin or least time, when resources have alternative uses.
The term ‛linear’ means that all inequations or equations...

... MC-B
TOPIC;
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
DATE;
5 JUNE, 14
UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL PUNJAB
INTRODUCTION TO LINEAR PROGRAMMING
Linear programming (LP; also called linear optimization) is a method to achieve the best outcome (such as maximum profit or lowest cost) in a mathematical model whose requirements are represented by linear...

...Linear-Regression Analysis
Introduction
Whitner Autoplex located in Raytown, Missouri, is one of the AutoUSA dealerships. Whitner Autoplex includes Pontiac, GMC, and Buick franchises as well as a BMW store. Using data found on the AutoUSA website, Team D will use Linear Regression Analysis to determine whether the purchase price of a vehicle purchased from Whitner Autoplex increases as the age of the consumer purchasing the vehicle increases. The data set...