Before you begin your speech briefly thank the judge and your opponent for providing the opportunity for this important debate.
I. Engage With an Attention-Getter.
The attention-getter is designed to intrigue the audience members and to motivate them to listen attentively for the next several minutes. There are infinite possibilities for attention-getting devices. Some of the more common devices include using a story, a surprising statistic, or a quotation. Whichever you choose, be sure that your attention-getter makes sense to the case and that it is explained.
II. Provide a Resolutional Analysis.
Say the precise wording of the topic so your judge knows exactly what is being debated. Explain what the resolution is asking – most require that you choose between two values (ex. “Resolved: Individuality should be valued above community”), other topics have implied values which require a little more explanation.
III. Offer Definitions.
Clearly define the vital words/phrases in the resolution and cite the dictionary or encyclopedia you used. Make sure the definitions you choose support what you are arguing – definitions matter – sometimes they decide who wins and loses the debate!
IV. Propose a Value.
A value is an ideal held by individuals, societies, or governments that serves as the highest goal to be protected/achieved. In general, the debater will establish a value which focuses the central questions of the resolution and will serve as a foundation for argumentation. Explain how the value relates to the topic.
V. Offer a Criterion.
You should present a criterion (a standard) which should be used to: ▪Explain how the value should be protected, respected, maximized, or achieved. ▪Measure whether a given side or argument protects, respects, maximizes, or achieves the value. The relationship between the value and the criterion should be clearly stated.
VI. Present Contention 1....