This study is investigating the psychoanalysis criticism of ‘’Romeo & Juliet’’ by William Shakespeare and ‘’ Lily & Majnun’’ in a comparative method. Th Freudian psychoanalysis in author’s side and through both texts has been analyzed and compared. The frequency of Freudian theory is highly observed in ‘’Romeo & Juliet’’ rather than in ‘’lily & majnun’’ due to the psychoanalysis discussed within the study. Accordingly we get into that ‘’lily & majnun’’ characters believe in platonic love or ‘’virgin love’’, so the often comparison of these two stories might be incorrect from the psychoanalysis viewpoint.
The Freudian theory encompasses two different theories: 1) the focus should be on the text without considering the outside influences; 2) concern of this theory is on the author of literary work. in the first theory, the conflicts, symbols, dream sequences are examined since the outward behavior might conflict within the inner desire of the characters, to reveal their subconscious , which consist of the ‘id’(what they really want to), the superego(the repository of socially imposed behavior and guilt sense) and the ego (reality, which contents both the id and superego) Second theory discusses the relationship of the author of the literary work and the work itself. Maybe he wants metaphorically; to reclaim his repressed wishes, to satirize his hatred ones and sympathy with those people he loves. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to discover and accord the circumstances of these two stories to psychoanalytic. Some question therefore haunt to me 1- What’s the origin of two stories?
2- What are the traits of main characters?
3- How does the author reveal those traits?
4- What do you learn about each character from their action, speech, thoughts? 5- How does each character view him or herself?
6- How do the characters view one another?
7- What are the differences and similarities between two stories in psychoanalytic standpoint? 8- Which story is more suitable for the psychoanalysis?
This question mints for these reasons: 1- if origin of the stories has influenced anything in the text. 2- If the view of the characters helps us understand its psychoanalytic aspect to some degree; 3-if the extend of psychoanalytic comparison between the stories is more similar or more different.
Most of the resources of this study was surveyed according to the stories of Freudian theory but the main source were the texts themselves and some psychoanalytic about them
The origin of the stories:
1- Lily & majnun: they were two young Arab loves in pre-Islamic period. There are many versions of the story, but it is said that the young boy in Beni-Omaye’s time loved a girl of his tribe but couldn’t tell her, so started to compose poems and invested it to the so-called majnun or Qeys Bani Amer, whose beloved was first married to another man and then when her husband died, they spent a short time together, then Majnun leaves her alone; when she dies of his grief, Majnun also dies on her grave, but accordingly to A.A chowsky in his book ‘’ the study of historical roots of lily & majnun’’, nobody in bani-amer tribe knew majnun and they believed it to be superstition and nonsense’’ chowsky says, but ‘’lily & majnun’’ is not such a supernatural tale and could have happened. 2- Romeo & Juliet: it was at first believed Shakespeare had imitated his play from ‘’lily & majnun’’, in but recently two skeletons were found near the region where Shakespeare were living, in some hills of Verona city, which are believed to be Romeo & Juliet. Belonging to five thousand years ago, two lovers died at young age in hugging position in their grave, if it to be true its recreation of the story will make sense.
A Summary of the two...