Ligting for Interior Design

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Residential lighting design
As in all lighting design problem solving, the first step in creating good lighting design solutions for residential spaces is to identify the visual tasks that must be resolved. After the visual tasks are identified, the lighting design methodology should be undertaken immediately. Residential spaces are usually personal and often intimate in their use, and their lighting design solutions should respond to that aspect of their function. The personalization often relates directly to a desired mood or psychological response, such as a welcoming entrance foyer. The other broad generalization about residential lighting is critical visual tasks which are limited to a few activities and spaces, such as food preparation in the kitchen, and sewing or desk work.

Residential lighting design
Residential lighting conventions include some generally accepted don’ts, most of which are related to avoiding a non residential ambience. For example, it is unusual to find an appropriate use of 2‘ x 2’ or 2‘ x 4’ recessed fluorescent luminaires in a residence despite their prevalent and appropriate use in many nonresidential settings. This is coupled with the inappropriateness of acoustic tile ceilings in most residential settings. Codes and standards play a limited role in residential lighting. The most significant code impacts are caused by the National Electric Code.

Residential lighting design
Compared to other building types, residences have a predictable and relatively limited number of uses and functions. One can usually count on a living/family room function, dining and food preparation spaces, toilet/bathing/grooming functions, and sleeping/ dressing accommodations. Homes may have an office, music room or workshop, but it is unusual to have more than one or two of these special spaces in a single residence.

Living room lighting
Most living rooms require flexible lighting design solutions because they serve a broad Variety of changing functions. the lighting in a typical living room should comfortably serve

Residential lighting design
Small group conversation, larger social gatherings that include casual eating and drinking, and more solitary activities such as reading, music listening, and TV viewing. A living room may also have a desk or home office corner, a place for card or board games, a major library collection, or an art collection to be prominently displayed. The typical living room presents the following visual tasks to be accommodated: 1. Ambient lighting for conversation and social functions 2. Task lighting for extended-period visual tasks (reading) 3. Focal light is required for the large floor-to-ceiling bookshelves and the graphic material. 4. Lighting for television viewing.

Residential lighting design

Residential lighting design
The lighting solution shown addresses the visual tasks in the following manner: 1. The need and desire for ambient lighting is met by the sconces, the portable lighting, ad the wallwashers. 2. The primary reading chair gets lighting from the adjacent wall sconce. 3. Focal lighting requirements are met with the five recessed wallwashers. 4. Television viewing, the wallwashers facing the south wall are the only luminaires that will not adversely affect TV viewing.

Residential lighting design
Because flexibility in lighting is essential in living rooms, most lighting should be controlled with dimmer switches. with dimmers, the lighting of the room can be adjusted to achieve just the right quality for any occasion. Luminaire and lamp selection should be based on the following considerations: Sconces: direct-indirect ratio, task (reading) light for adjacent chairs, degree of eye-level glow and/or sparkle. Wallwashers: recessed or surface mounted, spread of light( depending on graphics, if known) Table lamps: direct-indirect ratio, diffuse shade, degree of eyelevel glow and/or sparkle.

Residential lighting design
Floor lamp:...
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