Lifespan Studies: Cognitive, Language, Social and Emotional, Physical and Holistic Development, and Discuss How Te Whariki Supports and Promotes the Development of Each Domain in the Early Childhood Sector.

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This essay will describe five developmental domains, Cognitive, Language, Social and Emotional, Physical and Holistic Development, and discuss how Te Whariki supports and promotes the development of each domain in the early childhood sector.

The definition of Cognitive Development as stated by the Encyclopaedia of Children's Health, is the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem-solving and decision-making from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. According to Vygotsky, infants are endowed with basic perceptual, attention and memory capacities that they share with animals. These develop during the first two years through direct contact with the environment. Then rapid growth of language leads to a profound change in thinking (Berk, 2009). This means that the language a teacher or other individuals use around the child impact greatly on their cognitive development. i.e. if a child is struggling with a puzzle a teacher would not just sit down with them, complete the puzzle and say “that's how it is done”, as the child would be learning nothing, but if the teacher sits with the child and verbally prompts the child using descriptive words (i.e. colour and shape) the child is learning not only how to complete the puzzel by themselves, but is also adding to their vocabulary which in turn is helping the child furthur their cognitive skills. Language Development, as defined on Biology Online's website, is the gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Basically this means that speech/language is always evolving and is learnt through interactions and observations the child has with the people and the environment around them. Some of the stages/milestones of language development are cooing, word imitation and being able to use and put together short sentences. Language Development as stated above is a huge part of a child's cognitive...
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