Lifespan Nutrition Needs Presentation

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Good nutrition plays a positive role in good health, self-sufficiency, and quality of life. An individual’s dietary intake will be affected as they undergo changes in their lives and move from one stage of life to the next. Adequate nutrition is necessary to maintain cognitive and physical functioning, to prevent, reduce, and manage chronic disease and disease-related disabilities, and to sustain health and a good quality of life (Menu and Nutrition Requriements). To meet the body’s daily nutritional needs while minimizing risk for chronic disease, an AMDR, Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range, was established for carbohydrate to be 45-65% of total calories, for fat, 20-35% of total calories, and for protein, 10-35% of total calories. It is also suggested that no more than 25% of total calories come from added sugars (Menu and Nutrition Requriements). The RDA is the average daily dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement for nearly all healthy individuals of a specified age range and gender. The following presentation will outline the nutrition needs for both a man and a woman throughout the various stages of life. Food provides the energy and nutrients that a body needs to be healthy. Breast milk and formula provide adequate nutrition for an infant. They both contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals for a baby. Children under the age of 2 need up to 50 percent of their calories to come from fat. Whole milk is a good source for fat after age one (Infant and Toddler Nutrition). But, after age two or three, you can switch to low-fat milk. As an infant grows, the daily recommended intakes of protein, fat, and water increase at small incremental rates. This occurs because their weight increases at a gradual pace; therefore, their nutritional values for each day also increase. After age one, it is important to watch out for iron deficiency. Iron deficiency can affect a child’s physical, mental, and behavioral development, and also can lead to anemia (Feeding Your 1- o 2-Year-Old, 2008). 500 mg of calcium is recommended for toddlers between the age of one and three. After the age of three, dietary fiber is important because it might prevent diseases later on. Do not feed a baby eggs, citrus fruits and juices, cow’s milk or honey until after the age of one, and no seafood, peanuts or tree nuts before age two or three. A healthy diet helps children grow and learn and also helps to prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. During the teen years, males generally have higher nutritional needs than females. Males also usually have a greater rate of growth for a longer period of time and therefore, require more nutrients for the development of bone, blood volume and lean tissue. In addition, males gain proportionately more muscle mass during puberty than females and since muscle tissue is more metabolically active, males have a higher metabolic rate. Males require more calories per day and have increased needs for zinc, vitamin A, E and some B vitamins. Females require more iron and folic acid in their dietary intake. However, by eating the recommended servings from the Food Guide Pyramid, with careful attention to getting enough calcium, nutritional needs for both male and female teenagers can usually be met (Q&A/Articles, 2009). Healthy eating is not difficult. Instead, healthy eating is a common-sense approach to food that is easy to live with. The healthy eating guidelines are developed to promote overall health while reducing the risk of developing nutrition-related diseases like cancer and heart disease (Healthy Eating Guidelines). These guidelines are directed to both healthy males and healthy females who are over the age of 14. Some of the major nutrients required for men and women, as adults, are similar to those required as older adults. Some of the differences in the required amounts include the amount of calcium, iron, fiber acids intake for women, and the...
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