Frederick Douglass's writings reflected many American views that were
influenced by national division. Douglass was a very successful abolitionist
who changed America's views of slavery through his writings and actions.
Frederick Douglass had many achievements throughout his life. Douglass was born
a slave in 1817, in Maryland. He educated himself and became determined to
escape the atrocities of slavery. Douglass attempted to escape slavery once,
but failed. He later made a successful escape in 1838. His fleeing brought him
to New Bedford, Massachusetts. Douglass's abolitionist career began at an
antislavery convention at Nantucket, Massachusetts. Here, he showed himself to
be a great speaker. Douglass became involved with many important abolitionist
causes, both through his literary works, and also through activities such as the
Underground Railroad, and also his role in organizing a regiment of former
slaves to fight in the Civil War for the Union army. Due to the Fugitive Slave
Laws, Douglass became in danger of being captured and returned to slavery. He
left America, and stayed in the British Isles. There he lectured on slavery,
and gained the respect of many people, who raised money to purchase his freedom.
In 1847, Douglass relocated to Rochester, New York, and became the person in
charge of the Underground Railroad. Here he also began the abolitionist
newspaper North Star, which he edited until 1860.
In this time period, Douglass became friends with another well known
American abolitionist, John Brown. Brown was involved with the Underground
Railroad, and later wanted Douglass to join him on terroristic attacks on a
United States government arsenal at Harper's Ferry. Douglass declined to
participate in such activities. He fled, once again, to Europe, fearing that
his association with John Brown might threaten him. He returned after several
months, and aided in Abraham Lincoln's campaign for... [continues]
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