Life Stress and Major Depression

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Sixteen percent of all people in the United States suffer from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) during one point in their lives, the most common psychiatric disorder. MDD is twice as common in women than in men and can either occur periodically or be a recurrent event. It is imperative that the general public is aware how to recognize and properly treat depressive disorders, as this disorder greatly contributes to consecutive life stress. Thorough research involving life stress and depression commenced in the 1960s. Self-reports were used to diagnose symptoms of depression, where it was discovered that 50-80% of depressed people have had a stressful encounter prior to their depression. However, only one in five people that are exposed to stressful life events develop depression. Factors such as genetics and general personality all influence the plausibility in attaining depression after experiencing stress. However, current research on MDD does not indicate a definite of life stress prior to depression’s induction, and further examination is required (such as stress-assessment procedures) to assure sequential recurrences do not occur, which can be caused from basic stressful events. A large number of different conditions and symptoms can be linked with MDD, and one cannot be diagnosed without a formal assessment of life stress that will differentiate their condition. Research in life-stress is fundamental in examining depression’s origins, as well as evaluating that these basic life circumstances can unleash into a psychological disorder.

From the article Life Stress and Major Depression it is evident that there is a relationship between stress and depression. In Psychology Frontiers and Applications, two different types of depression are discussed: major depression and dysthymia, which is a less intense form of depression that lasts for longer periods of time (Passer, 568). Physical or psychological stressors increase both of these types of depressions,...
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