Valerie D. Carson
September 19, 2011
Matthew Warren Ph.D.
Life Span Development
“The science of human development seeks to understand how and why people—all kinds of people, everywhere—change or remain the same over time,” (Berger, 2008, p. 6). Some questions regarding humans are answered from a scientific perspective. The life span perspective is multi-dimensional and consists of biological, cognitive, socio-emotional, and spiritual dimensions. An individual develops as his or her own pace, but are born with influences from cultural, historical, and economical societies. Development may increase or decrease as an individual grows, certain factors must be considered. The developmental process is a lifelong process. An individual’s life span begins at birth and ends in death. The humanistic perspective about life contends that individuals are born with a tendency to make decisions regarding their lives and are able to control their behaviors. The perspective places an emphasis on free will and individual’s ability to make decisions and choices about their lives. Segments
Two segments are used regarding the life span development. The first is Dynamic-Systems Theory and this theory theorizes human development is always changing. Emphasizes is on the interaction that exist between individuals and within the individual. The second segment is the Ecological-Systems Approach which states that individuals need to be examined within his or her environment because the environment influences development. An ecological model was created as a result of the ecological-system. Five Characteristics of Development
Five characteristics of development are used by developmentalist to study human life at any age (Berger, 2008). The characteristics are as follows; multidirectional, multicontextual, multicultural, multidisciplinary, and plasticity. Within the characteristics of human development, there are three domains. The...