is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland with an area of 13,843km2, was built on 3 May 1921. is Consociational devolved government within a constitutional monarchy. Capital and largest city: Belfast.
Official language: English.
Monarch: Elizabeth II
First Minister: Peter Robinson.
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland: Theresa Villiers
shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. As of 2011, its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the population of the United Kingdom. [pic]
Main article: History of Ulster
See also: History of Ireland
Scrabo Tower, County Down
Northern Ireland was for many years the site of a violent and bitter inter-communal conflict the Troubles. Since 1998, most of the paramilitary groups involved in the Troubles have ceased their armed campaigns. The late 16th century, the English-controlled Kingdom of Ireland had been declared by the English king Henry VIII in 1542. Between 1610 and 1717, a rebellion in 1641 by Irish aristocrats against UK government. In Northern Ireland, the iconic victories of the Siege of Derry (1689) and the Battle of the Boyne (1690) in this latter war are still celebrated today by the Unionist community (both Anglican and Presbyterian). In the context of open institutional discrimination, the end of the 18th century following an event known as the Battle of the Diamond, and leading to the formation of the (Anglican) Orange Order. Following a rebellion in 1798, the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain pushed for the two kingdoms to be merged. The new state, formed in 1801, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, was governed from a single government and parliament based in London. Experiencing lots of disputation, on 6 December 1922, the newly independent Irish Free State was built, Ireland, but Northern...