Life Cycle Presentation - Elderly
Regardless of age, race, ethnicity, cultural background, gender or one’s apparent social standing, life is precious whatever one’s circumstances. The human body is no respecter of persons and in order to have a healthy body, a healthy lifestyle must be maintained. Team D will analyse the lifestyle of the elderly, what psychological events occur at this stage of life and how this may impact health. The Team will also explore the basic nutritional needs and what is unique about the needs of this group. At any stage of life disease may be a threat, those diseases proving to be such a threat to the elderly will be examined as to their root cause. Lastly, diet and physical activity for this group will be considered as a necessary part of an overall healthy lifestyle for the elderly. Description of the Elderly Stage of the Life Cycle
The final stage of the human lifecycle is that of the elderly or older adult. At this stage of life the body has slowed down some more and cells are not regenerated as with a younger body. Some nutrients are also no longer absorbed naturally in the body’s cells. According to Wardlaw and Smith, “Although people older than 65 account for 13% of the U.S. population, they account for more than 25% of all prescription medications used, 40% of acute hospital stays, and 50% of the federal health budget” (2009, page 606). Significant Physiological Events At This Stage of Life As the physical body begins to degenerate, so too does the mental facilities of some older people. At this stage significant physiological events, which may occur in the lives of the elderly include physical ailments, memory loss, confusion, lack of appetite and disturbed sleep patterns. Another significant event, which may be overlooked due to the presence of other illnesses or complaints, is depression. Research suggests the following reasons why the elderly are more prone to depression: •
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