Life, Culture and History of the Philippines

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  • Topic: Philippines, Provinces of the Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan
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  • Published : December 5, 2012
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PHILIPPINE HISTORY REVIEWER PART UN
CHAPTER 1: PHILIPPINES OUR PRIDE
LOCATION AND AREA
Philippines
* Islands – 7,107
* Total land area – 115,830 mi2
* Bodies of water
* East – Pacific Ocean
* West – South China Sea
* Largest Islands
* Luzon (40,530 mi2)
* Mindanao (36,670 mi2)
* Other major islands (largest to smallest)
* Samar
* Negros
* Palawan
* Panay
* Mindoro
* Leyte
* Cebu
* Bohol
* Masbate
* Northern most part – Y’Ami in Batanes
* Southern most part – Saluag in Tawi-Tawi

GENERAL TOPOGRAPHY
Coastline
* 17,468.5 km (2x as long as the coastline of US)
* Third country with the longest combined coastlines
* Most strategic location for commerce

Plains
* The Central Plain – largest lowland area in the country and known as the rice granary of the Philippines * Cagayan Valley – the leading tobacco-producing region in Asia * Agusan – Davao Plain provide major

* Cotabato Valley source of
sustenance in Mindanao

Volcanoes
* Mayon Volcano – nearly perfect cone
– derived from Bicolano term “Magayon” (beautiful) * Iraya (Batanes)
* Taal (Batangas)
* Banahaw (Quezon)
* Apo (Davao del Sur)
* Makaturing (Lanao del Sur)
* Hibok-Hibok (Camiguin)

Mountains
* Caraballo del Sur – consists of the Central and Northern Cordillera – highest peak at the intersection of the boundaries of Abra, Ilocos Norte, Cagayan * Sierra Madre – also known as the Pacific Coast Range

– longest continuous range in the Philippines * Caraballo de Baler – extends from Baler, Aurora to the San Bernandino Strait * Tagaytay and Zambales Range
* Mt. Halcon (Mindoro)
* Kanlaon Volcano (Negros)
* Diwata Mountains
* Central Range of Mindanao

Rivers
* Rio Grande de Cagayan main river
* Agno River systems in
Luzon
* Chico, Abra, Pampanga, Bicol (Luzon)
* Rio Grande de Mindanao – largest river system
* Agusan (Mindanao)
* Pasig (Manila)
* Jaland and Panay (Panay)
* Underground River of St. Paul’s Natural Park (Palawan) – one of the world’s longest subterranean rivers

ANIMAL AND PLANT RESOURCES
* 60 species of bats, 3 species of deer, 5 species of monkeys, 750 species of birds, 25,000 species of insects, 2,000 species of fishes * Unique animals
* Monkey-eating Eagle (Philippine Eagle)
* Peacock pheasant – only found in Palawan
* Parrot
* Tarsier – smallest monkey on earth; found only in Bohol * Pilandut/Pilanduk (mouse deer) – smallest deer in the world; found only in Balabac island of Palawan * Tamaraw – cross breed of carabao and deer; found only in Mindoro * 10,000 species of angiosperms and gymnosperms, 1,000 species of orchids * Notable flowering plants

* sampaguita, cadena de amor, jasmin, calachuchi, gumamela, ilang-ilang, rose, aurora * Waling-waling – most famous orchid discovered in Davao by a German collector

NATURAL RESOURCES
* Agricultural products
* rice, corn, coconut, hemp (abaca), sugar cane, copra, tobacco, banana, sweet potato (camote) * Industries: Farming, Livestock, Fishing
* 3,000 species of trees
* Greatest demand: apitong, guiho, white and red lauan, ipil, tanguile, tindalo, yakal, narra, Philippine mahogany (molave)

MINERAL RESOURCES
Gold
* Leading producers: Mt. Province, Masbate, Mindanao
Copper
* Leading producers: Cebu, Mt. Province, Albay, Negros, Samar, Zambales

Iron
* Leading producers: Bulacan, Camarines Norte, Marinduque, Samar, Nickel
* Leading producer: Surigao...
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