RELATED STUDIES AND LITERATURE
This chapter presents the related literature and studies, local and foreign, that gives bearing to the present study.
According to Malnig (1991), online research began more than 25 years ago with convoluted and cumbersome searches through Dialog. Operational long before the commonplace use of the Internet, the earMest Dialog system was completed in 1966. It was world’s first online information retrieval system to be used globally with materially significant databases and for the use in libraries. However, it was said that it has a more technical interface than the newer versions on online libraries, and the manual library system.
According to Britannica Online (2010), the word library derives from Latin liber, which means the book. The origin of libraries dates back around 3rd century B.C in Babylonia, where keep written records which has been part of their history. The first libraries as a collection of books were evidenced in Greek temples and those established in conjunction with the Greek schools of philosophy in the 4th century B.C modern libraries usually contain periodicals, microfilms, tapes, video, compact discs, and other materials in addition to books.
Dewey (1992), ass cited by Pasilan (2000) defines in integrated library system as the one that bring together numerous library tasks into one system. It allows the library to 8
have a direct control on its automation with a great efficiency. It also allows the user to use the library data for the acquisition, cataloging, and circulation of library collections.
Hoffer, Prescott, and McFadden (2002) defines a database as an organized collection of related data. They also defined data as known facts that are recorded and stored on a computer system are structured to be easily stored, manipulated, queried and retrieved by data users.
In an article of Kaplan...