A. Westcott and others believe chapters 15–17 took place in the Temple courts
B. “He went forth” it is not clear from where He went forth. C. Kidron is identified with cheimarrou – flowing in winter – it was an intermittent “wadi”. Kidron means black. Perhaps Jesus identified as crossing this dark dry brook as passing from the Holy of Holies to the place where sin in all its darkness appeared to enjoy a monetary triumph.
II. The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus (18:1–14).
“When He had finished praying, Jesus left with His disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was an olive grove, and He and His disciples went into it. Now Judas, who betrayed Him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with His disciples. So Judas came to the grove, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons. Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to Him, went out and asked them, ‘Who is it you want?’ ‘Jesus of Nazareth,’ they replied. ‘I am He,’ Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) When Jesus said, ‘I am He,’ they drew back and fell to the ground. Again He asked them, ‘Who is it you want?’ And they said, ‘Jesus of Nazareth.’ ‘I told you that I am he,’ Jesus answered. ‘If you are looking for me, then let these men go.’ This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: ‘I have not lost one of those you gave me.’ Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) Jesus commanded Peter, ‘Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?’ Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound Him and brought Him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people.”
1. A place where His disciples often met.
2. Godet is convinced Gethsemane was owned privately by friends of Jesus and were made available to Him as a retreat from the crowds of Jerusalem when Jesus was in the city. a retreat. 3. The synoptics gospels portray Gethsemane as a place of Sorrow and agony. John does not mention these events. 4. The early church compared this garden with Eden. a) In the first garden the human race was plunged into the ____________________. In the second garden, the race was delivered. In the first garden the first man was bound in sin, in the second, garden the sin-bearer who liberates the slaves of sin was Himself bound.
b) Garden – orchard
B. Around midnight the chief priest would open the city gates and let the people poor into town. It may be as the others were coming in Jesus was Going out
C. The coming of Judas
1. Came with plenty of help.
a) Ten speiran – band – normally referred to a military cohort and in context could refer to as many as 600 roman soldiers b) Also the temple police
2. Brought lanterns for fear Jesus would hide in the shadows of the olive trees or it may have been an extremely cloudy night. 3. weapons – thought there might be resistance. Normally weapons would not be carried on feast days. This was Passover and peace was emphasized.
D. Not mentioned in John but Jesus was betrayed with a kiss. Why? 1. Normal greeting. Perhaps Judas ran and kissed him as in a greeting, affection, and relationship....