Christ – The Heavenly One
Christ and His Brethren (7:1–13)
Setting (7:1–13). “After this, Jesus went around in Galilee, purposely staying away from Judea because the Jews there were waiting to take his life. But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near, Jesus’ brothers said to him, ‘You ought to leave here and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the miracles you do. No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things show yourself to the world.’ For even his own brothers did not believe in him.”
Chapter 7 involves what took place some 18 months after the healing of the ____________________.
After 6 ____________________. Chapter 6 spent in the spring at Passover and now chapter 7 describes the Feast of Tabernacles which is in October.
The Jews are more determined than ever to kill Jesus because he broke the Sabbath. Feast of Tabernacles
One of the three national feasts.
Date set in Lev. 23:33–43. It began on 15 Tisri, early October. Two purposes
Natural time for a harvest festival.
People would live in booths, temporary shelters made of palm branches outside the city to remind them of God’s care for 40 years in the wilderness.
Every Jewish male was expected to attend the feast. (Lev. 16:16). “Three times a year all your men must appear before the Lord your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feasts of Tabernacles. No man should appear before the Lord empty-handed.” The 3 most important days in the Old Testament were not held on Saturday but on Sunday
Seven plus one is John’s key phrase and here the three main feast feature seven days, Sabbath.
(Lev. 23:2–15). “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feast of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies. The Lord’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. For seven days present, an offering made to the Lord by fire. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.’ Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. He is to wave the sheaf before the Lord so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks.’”
Then 7 weeks plus one day, i.e., Pentecost, held on
Tabernacles (Lev. 23:34). “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the Lord’s Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. Live in booths for seven days: All native born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the Lord for seven days; the first day is a day of rest, and the eighth day also is a day of rest. On the first day you are to take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches, and poplars, and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days. The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. For seven days present offerings made to the Lord by fire, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present an offering made to the Lord by fire. It is the closing assembly do no regular work.”
Crops in ground
7 days plus 1
7 days times 7 plus 1
7 days plus 1
Feast of the First
7 weeks then 1