Liberal vs Conservative (Assignment 7)
After the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, the Enlightenment period followed, which opened the eyes of those in Latin American societies. People in Latin American began considering liberal ideologies, which clashed with conservative views. Liberals were those that supported little government intervention, individual freedom, public education and economic progress. Conservatives were generally supportive of the church, and disliked state involvement in education, marriages, and other forms of state control. These two different viewpoints were varied from country to country during the period of Latin American independence.
First off, liberals were considered to be anti-monarchial and favored the idea of a republic, such as in some countries the idea of federalism was supported, such as Colombia, and in other countries the idea of a strong central government was supported, such as Chile. They also favored industrialization and trade, such as building railroads that could connect the rest of the country. Liberals believed in education to replace the role of church, and thus wanted to reduce the power of churches in society such as the role they played in registering births and marriages. Support for economic growth, in relation to their desire to build railroads, ultimately meant the use of new territories and extermination of indigenous people. They believed that if the natives did not wish to be modernized, then good, let us just exterminate them. In addition to the extermination of natives, liberals believed that immigration was good, preferably from Eastern Europe such as Germany, so that the mix of Protestant religion would weaken the power of the church, as well as bring in any new technology.
Conservatives, on the other hand, had a different viewpoint. They were generally supportive of the church and felt that state involvement in education and marriages should be kept separate. Conservatives wanted to...
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