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Liberal Reform

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Liberal Government introduce social reforms in the early twentieth century

In the late 19th century the British government practiced the principle of laissez-faire. Laissez faire means the business market are free from tariffs, government subsidies and enforced monopolies [2]. Under the principle of Laissez faire, government only provides simple maintenance of law and order, protect property rights against theft and aggression with regulations [3]. Individuals were responsible for their own decisions, to protect and improve their own lives and welfare.[1] After the general election in 1906, the Liberal welfare reform was introduced between 1906 to 1914, changing the attitude and policies towards the poverty. The liberal reforms for children are, free school meals, school medical inspections, Children ‘s charter act and school clinic. The old age pensions act, labour exchange for the unemployed and national insurance for workers were also carried out eventually within this period of time.[1] The attitude towards the working class shifted from individuality to a more aggregate way .The Liberal reforms changed the economy, politic and social circumstances[1] ,and lead Britain to a more well structuralized and strong country. The reasons of the reforms were, changes in attitude, the Boer War, social reform, political changes and the fear of being overtaken. [4]

The ideology of Laissez faire had assumed how a society should work , free trade, freedom of making a decision in the late 19th century before the liberal social reforms being introduce. The role of government was to make sure and guarantee the freedom of the citizens and market. They provided military forces to regulate the property rights and exchange between parties.[4] The principle idea is to allow citizens from greatest possible freedom. The central idea of this ideology was based on self-help, government was not responsible for the poverty and hardship for their citizens[1] Instead the citizens...